Alors qu'il comparaissait ce lundi 29 mai devant le Parlement rwandais, Chambre des Députés, pour répondre aux questions d'une épargne publique non soutenue, le Ministre de l'Economie et Finance, Amb. Claver Gatete, a déclaré que des stratégies d'épargne citoyenne volontaire sont entrain d'être étudiées au sein de son ministère.
Le Ministre a informé les parlementaires que son ministère a requis les services de consultance d'un institut américain Karen Consulting spécialisé dans les études relatives à l'accroissement de l'épargne publique, que celui-ci a commencé ses recherches dès 2014 en rapprochement avec une autre étude que le même institut avait mené en Inde.
Il s'est avéré que seuls 10% de Rwandais ont contracté une assurance-pension, que cette portion de Rwandais accuse elle aussi un grand pourcentage de ceux qui ne se sont pas constitué une épargne logement et éducation avant la retraite.
Le Ministre a révélé aux parlementaires qu'en 2012, le Rwanda comptait une population de 510.000 personnes ayant atteint leur retraite (60ans), que ce chiffre montera jusqu'à plus d'un million en 2032.
Le ministre s'est dit préoccupé par toute cette pléthore de citoyens qui ne font pas une épargne, qu'au rythme où vont les choses, les moyens de subsistance pourront leur manquer dans leur âge de retraite.
Une épargne publique par le biais de la RSSB ( Caisse Sociale)
Le Directeur Général au Ministère des Finances et Planification, Eric Rwigamba, a révélé les nouvelles stratégies prises par son ministère pour montrer que tout citoyen adhérera volontairement à la Caisse Sociale du Rwanda dite RSSB (Rwanda Social Security Board) ; qu'aussitôt enregistré, il pourra contribuer par la biais de son compte dans les microfinances SACCO et autres, dans les banques et même qu'ils pourront utiliser leurs téléphones portables affiliés au système de Mobile Money.
Ce fonctionnaire du MINECOFIN a montré que tous les Rwandais, toutes catégories et classes sociales confondues, pourront ouvrir leurs comptes à RSSB qu'ils alimenteront selon le rythme librement souscrit.
"Ceci veut dire concrètement que si un fermier agricole connait deux récoltes par an. RSSB conviendra avec lui le versement de ses cotisations deux fois par an. Mais comment la chose se passera-t-elle pour un motocycliste qui fait le taxi et perçoit de l'argent au quotidien ? Il sera libre à lui de proposer et souscrire la période de versement de ses cotisations", a-t-il dit ajoutant que pour un individu ayant des revenus fixes, il est facile d'autoriser à sa banque un virement périodique permanent au profit d'un des comptes de la RSSB.
Rwigamba a dit que le versement des cotisations-épargne volontaire ne sera pas frappé d'impôt, que l'imposition se fera quand l'épargnant décidera du retrait de ses cotisations. Et là, a—t-il ajouté la taxe frappera uniquement les intérêts qui auront été générés par cette épargne volontaire.
Le fonctionnaire du Ministère de l'Economie et Finance a montré que cette épargne citoyenne volontaire sort du cadre légal de la pension-retraite des agents de la Fonction Publique et du Secteur Privé dans la mesure où cette épargne sera remise à l'ayant-droit en totalité agrandie d'intérêts au momnt où la pension retraite est retrocédée aux bénéficiaires sous forme de mensualités.
Cette conception d el'épargne publique est-elle la bonne ? Pourquoi ne pas exiger de tout Rwandais souciex de souscrire volontairement une épargne-retraite de bénéficier des conditions légales de la pension-retraite ? Pourquoi ne pas exiger de chaque citoyen rwandais de commencer à épargner un montant fixe à partir d'un âge donné, 18 ans, 21 ans, 25 ans ? en tenant compte de sa catégorie professionnelle : fermier ? Cantonier ou maçon ? ou de sa classe sociale ?
Cette idée d'épargne publique de masse pourrait avoir un grand impact socio économique, il jouerait sur une baisse sensible des taux d'intérêts des crédits bancaires, il jouerait sur la psychologie de nombreuses classes sociales pauvres qui adhéreront à ce drainage de l'épargne publique dans la mesure où ces classes qui seront assurées pour leur retraite se sentiront confiantes pour leur avenir avec pour effet amélioration des conditions de vie de la large classe ouvrière rwandaise, une nette évolution des mentalités et confiances dans la stabilité des structures socio économiques et politiques existantes, l'étirement de l'espérence de vie.
La 1ère catégorie sociale bénéficie du plan du MINECOFIN
Le fonctionnaire montre que les personnes indigentes classées dans la1ère Catégorie seront encouragées dans cette épargne, le gouvernement étant prêt de contribuer une partie égale à leurs contributions.
"Si la personne classée Catégorie 1 d'UBUDEHE épargne pour 12.000 francs par an, le Gouvernement le complètera à hauteur de 12.000 francs. De même pour les citoyens rwandais relevant de la 2ème catégorie qui contribueront pour 15.000 Frw, verront leurs comptes gonflés de 15.000 autres francs de la part du Gouvernement. Ces citoyens pourront bénéficier de ces largesses gouvernementales
égales à leurs mises jusqu'à 18.000 francs", a dit le fonctionnaire dévoilant que ce privilège ne se fera que durant les trois premières années de cette campagne pour inciter beaucoup d'adhésions au Programme d'épargne publique de masse.
Ces mesures gouvernementales incitatives bénéficieront également aux citoyens rwandais des classes sociales aisées, ceux dits de la 3ème catégorie. Leurs mises allant nécesairement au delà de 18.000 Frw par an se verront agrandies de 50% de fonds accordés par le Gouvernement.
Somme toute ce programme a l'allure de stimuler une épargne publique et, ainsi de contribuer à la baisse des taux d'intérêts bancaires très exorbitants. Ceci annonce une autre victoire de la gouvernance du Président Paul Kagame qui, au cours de son très prochain troisième septennat, parviendra à stabiliser une inflation sournoisement provoquée par les Banques commerciales à pied d'oeuvre dans le pays.
Avec cette épargne publique suffisante, les crédits agricoles, industriels, culturels et commerciaux pourront être traités en parfait accord avec leur nature, leur période de grâce et qu'en-sais-je.
Member of Parliament Edouard Bamporiki yesterday launched a book ‘Mitingi Jenosideri, Imbundo, Imbarutso y'imbunda yarimbuyeimbaga ' featuring testimonies from perpetrators of the 1994 genocide against the Tutsi from various prisons in Rwanda. The book has been translated to English as 'My Son It Is A Long Story'.
It also carries testimonies of 67 genocide perpetrators and children born of mothers raped by genocidaires.
The launching ceremony was attended by the First Lady Jeannette Kagame and the Minister of Sports and Culture, Uwacu Julienne among other officials.
Umubyeyi Mediatrice, the chairperson of Umuryango Art for Peace Rwanda, an organization bringing together artists striving for peace initiated by Bamporiki, said the book is undoubtedly among the first of its kind featuring messages of genocide perpetrators serving as evidences that it was planned before. She noted the book will leave a lesson to the reader.
“We hope the way it was prepared will help all readers understand that genocide which took lives of Tutsis was prepared and executed fiercely and left wounds to survivors and scars among perpetrators and their descendants. The healing lies in accepting such a bitter history and be concerned with the future,” she said.
The executive secretary of the National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide (CNLG) Dr Bizimana Jean Damascène, commended Bamporiki for the efforts of documenting perpetrators testimonies.
“Giving room for genocide perpetrators to speak for themselves how genocide was planned is a milestone because it helps in fighting and resisting genocide ideology especially trivializers and deniers of the genocide against Tutsi,” he said.
MP Bamporiki also lauded Madam Jeannette Kagame for support whenever he has a concern.
Bamporiki shared that he started writing ‘Mitingi Jenosideri' in 2010. “I faced challenges while writing the book because a majority of my close advisors discouraged me saying there is no reason to write what people already knew,” he said.
MP Bamporiki explained his work became most complicated while receiving testimonies from women convicted for genocide crimes.
“I got deeper insights of how fiercely genocide was prepared, hearing how co-wives conspired to kill their man and consider that act ‘getting a successful mission. It gave me a picture that women played a big role in genocide,” he said.
Children born of raped mothers during genocide, people jailed for genocide crimes and women who got pregnant or contracted AIDS after being raped also gave testimonies during the launch of the book.
The 322-page book is on sale at Rwf 20,000.
Deadly air strikes continue to target Raqqa city, monitoring group says, as thousands continue to flee the fighting.
At least 13 people have been killed in suspected US-led coalition air strikes on the ISIL-held city of Raqqa and suspected rocket attacks fired by a Kurdish group fighting ISIL, a monitoring group has said.
Some of the deaths in the northern city on Sunday evening resulted from air strikes blamed on the US-led coalition, the UK-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Monday.
The death toll also included civilians killed in rocket attacks by the Ghadab al-Furat group (dubbed Wrath of the Euphrates) on Sunday, the Observatory said.
Ghadab al-Furat is a Kurdish group fighting under the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). They launched a campaign in October 2016 to retake Raqqa, the de facto capital of the ISIL in northern Syria.
The SDF, which includes the powerful Kurdish YPG armed group, said last week it plans to launch the final assault on Raqqa city in early summer.
US Central Command (CENTCOM) said in a press release on Sunday that it conducted 17 air strikes targeting ISIL in Syria, destroying two ISIL bases in Deir Az Zor and three ISIL headquarters near Raqqa.
It did not mention civilian casualties in its report.
Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, an activist group in Raqqa, said on Sunday that a school was targeted by the US-led coalition in Mansoura west of Raqqa city.
The school was destroyed in the attack, the group said.
The activists said on Thursday that Raqqa city was targeted with at least 30 coalition air strikes, and 80 rocket attacks by the SDF killing at least 35 civilians in the past 24 hours.
The SDF has been encircling Raqqa since November.
Earlier this month, its fighters captured Tabqa, a previously ISIL-held town some 50km west of Raqqa, and a strategic dam nearby.
The UN said in a report that on May 14, at least 23 farm workers, including 17 women, were reportedly killed when air strikes hit al-Akershi village in a rural area of eastern Raqqa province.
Other air strikes on two residential areas of the ISIL-controlled city of Abo Kamal in eastern Deir Az Zor province the following day (May 15), reportedly killed at least 59 civilians (including 16 children and 12 women) and injured another 70.
The day after that, ISIL fighters are said to have cut the throats of eight men at the sites of the air strikes,after accusing them of providing coordinates for the strikes.
Earlier in May, the Observatory reported the highest monthly civilian death toll for the coalition's campaign in Syria.
Between April 23 and May 23 2017, coalition air strikes killed at least 225 civilians in Syria, including dozens of children.
The US military had said coalition air strikes in Iraq and Syria had "unintentionally" killed a total of 352 civilians since 2014.
At least 23,544 civilians have been displaced between May 18-22, the UN said in a press release last week.
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Raad al- Hussein last week urged all states' air forces operating in the country to take much greater care to distinguish between legitimate military targets and civilians.
"The same civilians who are suffering indiscriminate shelling and summary executions by ISIL, are also falling victim to the escalating air strikes, particularly in the northeastern governorates of Raqqa and Deir Az Zor," Zeid said.
Muslims among those raising funds as solidarity soars, but fears simmer over planned 'anti-Sharia' march after attack.
Muslims in Portland thanked the community for its support as they raised money for the victims of a deadly attack on a train by an Islamophobic white supremacist.
On Friday, Jeremy Joseph Christian - a 35-year-old who was known to authorities - fatally slit the throats of 53-year-old Ricky John Best and Taliesin Myrddin Namkai Meche, 23, after they stepped in to defend two girls Christian was bullying.
One of the girls is Muslim and was wearing the hijab.
A third victim, 21-year-old Micah David-Cole Fletcher, was also stabbed in the attack.
Fletcher - who in 2013 performed a poem condemning Islamophobia - is in serious condition in hospital, but expected to survive.
"I am very thankful as a Muslim, I am very thankful as a Portlander ... that we stand together here as one," Muhammad Najieb, an imam at the Muslim Community Centre, told the AP news agency.
The two young women "could have been the victims, but three heroes jumped in and supported them", he said.
Destinee Mangum, one of the girls Christian was abusing, told Fox 12 Oregon KPTV: "I just want to say thank you to the people that put their life on the line for me. They lost their lives because of me and my friend, and the way we looked."
Crying as her voice shook, she added: "I appreciate them. Without them, we probably would be dead right now."
A fundraising page launched by Najieb's group for the families of the victims, including the two young women, had raised $50,000 in its first hours.
In total, various pages have raised almost one million dollars for the victims and their families.
By the time of publishing on Monday, Muslims Unite for Portland Heroes had raised $326,593; Tri Met Hero Recovery (for the surviving victim) gathered $133,635; Girls who survived Portland's MAX attack raised $13,084 and Tri Met Heroes received $365,056.
Anti-Muslim march to go ahead
On April 29, local reporter Mike Bivins filmed Christian at a march by the far right.
In the footage, Christian was draped in an American Revolutionary War flag and could be seen performing a Nazi salute and heard shouting "Die Muslims. Die fake Christians. Die Jews", as police watched on.
Joey Gibson, who organised that rally, is behind another march planned for June 4.
While there was solidarity in the Oregon city, there were concerns of more unrest ahead of Gibson's "Portland march against Sharia".
Similar rallies, held under the guise of free speech, are widely believed to be fascist in nature.
"We gotta come together on June 4," said organiser Joey Gibson, in a video posted to his Facebook page. "We need to stand up for what we believe in."
Gibson distanced himself from Christian in the clip, but urged his followers to pray for the suspect.
Police said they will examine what appears to be the extremist ideology of Christian, whose social media postings indicate an affinity for Nazis and political violence.
The attack occurred on a light-rail train on the first day of Ramadan, the holiest time of the year for Muslims.
Christian was being held on suspicion of aggravated murder, attempted murder, intimidation and being a felon in possession of a weapon.
He was arrested a short time after the attack when he was confronted by other men, and will face court on Tuesday.
The FBI said it is too early to say whether the slayings qualify as a federal hate crime. However, Christian faces intimidation charges, the state equivalent of a hate crime.
Court records show Christian served prison time for first-degree robbery and second-degree kidnapping after a crime committed 15 years ago, when he was 20, and theft and weapons charges were dismissed in 2010.
Short-range ballistic Scud missile landed in the Sea of Japan and was the third successful test in as many weeks.
North Korea has test-fired a missile into Japanese waters, the latest in a series of launches that have ratcheted up tensions over its nuclear weapons programme.
It was North Korea's third ballistic missile test in as many weeks and the 12th this year - carried out in fresh defiance of UN sanctions warnings and US threats of possible military action.
US military monitors said the short-range missile flew for six minutes, while Japan said it fell into the country's exclusive economic zone (EEZ) - waters extending 370km from its coast.
The launch comes despite tough talk from US President Donald Trump, who promised last week at the G7 summit that the "big problem" of North Korea "will be solved".
Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe swiftly condemned the test and vowed concerted action along with its US ally.
"We will never tolerate North Korea's continued provocations that ignore repeated warnings by the international community," Abe told reporters.
"As agreed during the G7 summit, the North Korean problem is the international community's top priority. In order to deter North Korea, we will take concrete action with the United States."
Monday's test,a short-range Scud, marks the second time this year that a North Korean missile fell provocatively close to its neighbour Japan.
It flew about 450 kilometres before landing in the Sea of Japan (East Sea) between the Korean peninsula and Japan, the US Pacific Command said.
North Korea has been stepping up efforts towards its ultimate goal - developing an intercontinental ballistic missile that can deliver a nuclear warhead to the continental US.
The isolated but nuclear-armed North Korea has test-fired a missile almost every week for the past three weeks.
Michael Penn, president of the Tokyo-based Shingetsu news agency, said the latest test was part of a North Korean effort to strengthen its military against any possible threats from the US.
"The missile technology tests themselves do seem to be the priority of the North Korean regime, to get their technology as strong as possible, as quickly as possible, because they feel this is their best way forward – to show their own ability to defend themselves against a Trump administration they cannot predict," Penn told Al Jazeera.
James Mattis, the US secretary of defence, in an interview that aired on Sunday before the launch, said the US favoured diplomacy over war with North Korea, which he said would be "catastrophic".
"The North Korean regime has hundreds of artillery cannons and rocket launchers within range of one of the most densely populated cities on Earth, which is the capital of South Korea," he told CBS News.
"This regime is a threat to the region, to Japan, to South Korea. And in the event of war, they would bring danger to China and to Russia as well.
"But the bottom line is, it would be a catastrophic war if this turns into a combat, if we're not able to resolve this situation through diplomatic means."
Mattis declined to say what kind of action from Pyongyang would constitute a "red line" for Washington, saying the administration needs "political manoeuvre room".
South Korea's new president, Moon Jae-In, ordered a meeting of the national security council to assess the launch, which came a day after North Korea said its leader Kim Jong-un had overseen a test of a new anti-aircraft weapons system.
South Korea condemned the test as a "grave threat" and a challenge to the new leader who advocates dialogue with North Korea in a break from his conservative predecessors.
"That the North repeated such provocations after the inauguration of our new leadership... is a direct challenge to our demand for peace and denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula," the foreign ministry said.
The missile launches, and Pyongyang's threat to stage its sixth nuclear test, have prompted calls for tougher UN sanctions and a warning from Trump that military intervention was an option under consideration.
Laptop ban on all flights into and out of US could be part of a new security measure, Homeland Security Secretary says.
The United States might ban laptops from aircraft cabins on all flights into and out of the country as part of a ramped-up effort to protect against potential security threats, US Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly said on Sunday.
In an interview on "Fox News Sunday," Kelly said America planned to "raise the bar" on airline security, including tightening screening of carry-on items.
"That's the thing that they are obsessed with, the terrorists, the idea of knocking down an airplane in flight, particularly if it's a US carrier, particularly if it's full of US people."
Washington imposed restrictions, in March, on large electronic devices in aircraft cabins on flights from 10 airports.
Kelly said the move would be part of a broader airline security effort to combat what he called "a real sophisticated threat." He said no decision had been made as to the timing of any ban.
"We are still following the intelligence," he said, "and are in the process of defining this, but we're going to raise the bar generally speaking for aviation much higher than it is now."
Airlines are concerned that a broad ban on laptops may erode customer demand. But none wants an incident aboard one of its airplanes.
"Whatever comes out, we'll have to comply with," Oscar Munoz, chief executive officer of United Airlines, told the company's annual meeting last week.
Airlines were blindsided in January when President Donald Trump issued an executive order banning entry for 90 days to citizens from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen, sending airlines scrambling to determine who could board and who could not. The order was later blocked in the courts.
In the case of laptops, the administration is keeping the industry in the loop. Delta Air Lines said in a statement it "continues to be in close contact with the US Department of Homeland Security," while Munoz applauded the administration for giving the company a "heads up."
"We've had constant updates on the subject," he said. "We know more than most. And again, if there's a credible threat out there, we need to make sure we take the appropriate measures."
Among the enhanced security measures will likely be tighter screening of carry-on items to allow Transport Security Administration agents to discern problematic items in tightly stuffed bags.
Kelly said that in order to avoid paying fees for checking bags, people were stuffing them to the point where it was difficult to see through the clutter.
"The more stuff is in there, the less the TSA professionals that are looking at what's in those bags through the monitors can tell what's in them."
The TSA has begun testing certain new procedures at a limited number of airports, requiring people to remove additional items from carry-on bags for separate screenings.
Asked whether the government would expand such measures nationwide, Kelly said: "We might, and likely will."
Zefzafi fled the city after an arrest warrant was issued against him for protesting during Friday prayer sermon.
Authorities in Morocco on Monday arrested the fugitive leader of a protest movement that has shaken the country's northern Rif region for months.
Nasser Zefzafi was arrested after a warrant was issued against him for allegedly interrupting a Friday prayer sermon at a mosque in the northern coastal city of Al-Hoceima and calling for further demonstrations, officials said.
The prosecutor of Al-Hoceima said Zefzafi was detained "along with other individuals" and transferred to Casablanca, without providing further details of the arrests.
Prosecutors said the arrest was ordered after Zefzafi "obstructed, in the company of a group of individuals, freedom of worship" at the mosque in Al-Hoceima.
He faces between six months and three years in prison on charges of insulting the Imam, making provocative speeches and sowing disturbances.
Supporters had poured into the streets throughout the weekend, protesting against attempts to detain him.
Hundreds of mainly young demonstrators gathered in two neighbourhoods of the city again on Sunday night chanting "The state is corrupt" and "We are all Zefzafi", according to AFP news agency.
The protesters attempted to make their way to the city's central square but were blocked by security forces. After an hour-long face-off with police, the youths disappeared without incident.
"We cannot take a single step, the police are everywhere," an activist told AFP news agency on condition of anonymity.
As of late Sunday, police had arrested 22 people in connection with the disturbances in Al-Hoceima, officials said.
Authorities have accused protesters of receiving money and other support from abroad "to carry out propaganda activities".
Morocco's northern Rif region has been shaken by social unrest since the death of a fishmonger in October, who was crushed inside a garbage truck while trying to relieve his fish confiscated by the police.
His death evolved into a grassroots movement demanding jobs and economic development with Zefzafi emerging as the leader of the Al-Hirak al-Shaabi or "Popular Movement", based largely in the coastal city of Al-Hoceima.
Last week, Interior Minister Abdelouafi Laftit led a large government delegation to Al-Hoceima.
Officials have promised increased support for the local economy, in particular the crucial fishing industry.
Somali militants have stoned a man to death after an Islamic court convicted him of adultery.
Dayow Mohamed Hassan, 44, was buried neck-deep and pelted to death with stones by al-Shabab fighters.
He was convicted of being in an adulterous relationship with a woman and impregnating her, despite having two wives, an official said.
Al-Shabab occasionally passes such sentences for sexual offences in areas it controls in Somalia.
In 2014, a teenage boy was stoned to death after being convicted of raping a woman.
In 2008, a young girl was killed in a similar manner after being convicted of adultery.
In the latest case, a woman filed a complaint of rape against Hassan, but the court tried him for adultery as it is easier to prove, says BBC Somali's Mohamed Mohamed.
Hundreds of people watched him being stoned death in Ramo Adey village in the south-central Bay region, said Moalim Geedow, the al-Shabab governor for the area.
"The man had a third woman who was a divorcee... He deceived her, saying that he went to a sheikh [religious leader] and that he married her," Mr Geedow told Reuters news agency.
"However, when the woman got pregnant, the two families debated and there was no trace of valid matrimony. The court ruled he did not marry her legally and he was stoned to death."
Al-Shabab is fighting to overthrow the weak UN-backed government in Somalia and impose its own strict interpretation of Islamic law.
It has lost control of many towns and cities to a 22,000-strong African Union force supporting the government.
But the group, linked to al-Qaeda, still has a strong presence in many rural areas.
A group of militant Islamists in Libya, blamed by the US for the 2012 attack on the US mission in Benghazi which killed the ambassador, says it has disbanded.
The Ansar al-Sharia group said that its leadership had been wiped out while fighting the Libya National Army.
Most of its members are thought to have defected to the Islamic State group.
Separately, a case against Hillary Clinton brought by the parents of two Americans killed in the Benghazi attack has been dismissed by a US judge.
The Benghazi diplomatic compound attack killed four Americans, including Ambassador Chris Stevens, while Mrs Clinton was secretary of state. The issue dogged her presidential campaign last year.
Patricia Smith and Charles Woods, parents of two of those killed, filed a lawsuit against Mrs Clinton for wrongful death and defamation.
The suit claimed the former secretary of state's use of a private email server contributed to their sons' deaths by exposing their details to the attackers.
The parents also accused her of defaming them in statements to the media.
But federal judge Amy Berman Jackson ruled that Mrs Clinton was acting in her official capacity while using her private email server, so the US government should be the defendant.
She also ruled that the parents should have raised, as legally required, their claims with the state department before launching their legal action. Because of this, she decided in favour of the government's motion to dismiss the counts against it.
She judged that the parents did not have enough evidence to substantiate their claim that Mrs Clinton had called them, or implied, that they were liars.
The al-Qaeda linked Ansar al-Sharia group emerged in Benghazi - Libya's second largest city - in the upheavals following the death of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. At one point in 2014 they took control of the city.
But the group suffered heavy casualties while fending off continued offences launched by Libyan National Army strongman Khalifa Haftar - who earlier this month repeated his efforts to drive jihadist fighters out of their two remaining strongholds in Benghazi.
The online announcement of Ansar's formal disbandment called on Islamists to form a united front in Benghazi.
Libya now has two rival parliaments and three governments. The bulk of the fighting is between the Libyan National Army and forces aligned with the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli.
Tests are underway to determine the genetic sequence of the Ebola virus behind an outbreak in central Africa, a U.S. Centers for Disease Control researcher said Friday.
Dr. Barbara Knust, an epidemiologist, told VOA's Horn of Africa service that scientists are looking for "clues" about where this strain of Ebola originated and how to treat it.
"That could help [us] understand how this virus is related to other viruses that have caused other Ebola outbreaks," she said.
The latest Ebola outbreak is in northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, in a remote area near the border with the Central African Republic. The World Health Organization said that as of May 24, Ebola had killed four people in the area and the number of suspected cases stood at 44.
The Ebola virus, which causes a type of hemorrhagic fever, killed more than 11,000 people across the West African countries of Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in 2014 and 2015.
Staff from the CDC, the WHO, the Congolese Ministry of Health and other agencies are in Congo's Bas Uele province, working to contain the spread of the virus. Knust said the international response was going "fine."
"The responders involved in this outbreak very certainly are taking it seriously and the resources have been mobilized quickly," she said. "At least at this point of time [it] appears that it was detected fairly early, although that information is forthcoming. There is some hope it will remain a limited outbreak."
She said there had been discussion of using experimental treatments used in the West African outbreak, but that the Congolese government had not given its approval.
Dr. Galma Guyo, a disease control specialist in Nairobi, was part of an African Union team that responded to the Ebola outbreak in Liberia. He warned that the DRC's location in the center of Africa could allow the virus there to spread across borders.
"There is a possibility that the viruses can easily spread and be hard to detect due to the remoteness of the region, too," he said.
Source:Voice of America
Voice of America
The electoral commission has so far cleared six presidential candidates to face off in the August General Election.
They are National Super Alliance leader Raila Odinga, Cyrus Jirongo (United Democratic Party), Ekuru Aukot (Thirdway Alliance) and Michael Wainaina (Independent).
Others are Mohamed Dida (Alliance for Real Change) and Joe Nyagah (Independent).
By midday Monday, three aspirants had flopped the test the Independent Electoral and Boundaries commission set for politicians gunning for the top seat in the land.
They are Peter Solomon Gichira (Independent), Erastus Nyamera (Independent) and Justice and Equality Party flagbearer Justus Juma.
Mr Gichira's loss saw him attempt to jump off the 6th floor of Anniversary Towers, the IEBC headquarters, in protest on Saturday afternoon.
He was on Monday charged before a Nairobi court with attempted suicide, malicious damage and creating disturbance at IEBC's offices.
He denied the three charges and Chief Magistrate Francis Andayi released him on Sh 200,000 cash bail.
Mr Nyamera flopped the IEBC test after presenting himself before the Wafula Chebukati-led panel without a running mate.
He also failed to produce his academic papers, Sh200,000 cheque and requisite signatures.
Mr Juma, on the other hand, failed to secure the green light to run for the top office after it emerged that his proposer was not a member of his party.
President Uhuru Kenyatta is expected to present his papers to the commission from 2.30pm.
Mining sector-related accidents are on a worrisome upward trend, according to a new report, which shows that 27 people lost their lives within the first five months of this year.
The Chief Inspector of Mines, Mr Ally Samaje, says besides the casualties, 46 people were injured in eleven accidents that were recorded between January and May – one of the highest in recent years.
“During the whole of 2016, the recorded number of deaths and injuries was 30 and 32. The latest figures, even before we are half-way the current year, indicates that local quarries are increasingly becoming death traps,” he said.
The Ministry of Energy and Minerals has embarked on a countrywide mission to train artisan miners on safety precautions in quarries. He said a session had been conducted at the Mirerani Mining Hills in Simanjiro District in Manyara Region.
Four people died in three accidents there so far this year. It was during the session that Mr Samaje painted the grim picture, and told quarry owners that the government won't hesitate to close down and revoke the licences of those whose sites would be deemed to be unsafe.
The training programme covers the Northern, Central, Western, Lake-Victoria, Eastern, the Western Peninsula, Southern Highlands and Lake Nyasa zones.
Landslides, explosions, suffocation, electrocution and fire outbreaks are among the major causes of accidents. On his part, the Commissioner for Minerals, Engineer Benjamin Mchwampaka, has ordered all mines to have managers who must monitor the activities of mining pits closely, and ensure that accurate records of workers assigned in the basements are kept.
He remarked: “We have discovered that some of those engaged in the operations down there are casual labourers whose identity and number are unknown. This poses problems for rescue teams in the event of accidents.
” The Executive Secretary of Mirerani Artisan Miners Association, Mr Aboubakar Madiwa, proposed that training sessions at Simanjiro should be conducted at weekly intervals, because the hills host 593 small scale miners, and the figure keeps rising.
Meanwhile, Mugini Jacob reports that a new small gold mine has been closed indefinitely after claiming the life of an artisanal miner at Merenga village in Serengeti District, Mara Region.
La ministre rwandaise des affaires étrangères, Louise Mushikiwabo, a réitéré sa vision d'une Afrique qui favorise le libre mouvement des biens et des personnes et qui promeut une liberté commerciale interpays.
Elle a fait cette sortie à Kigali/Rwanda ce 27 mai 2017 alors qu'elle inaugurait officiellement les travaux du Comité Interafricain des Services de Renseignement (CISSA/Committee of Intelligence and Security Services of Africa) ; des travaux dont le thème central est le "Libre Mouvement des Personnes en Afrique".
Les participants à ces travaux sont les dirigeants des services de renseignement des pays africains et de nombreux experts en la matière.
Faisant allusion à la Journée du 25 Mai consacrée à l'Afrique, la Ministre Rwandaise a trouvé qu' "il n'y a aucune raison de voir un Afrique qui ne se départ pas des structures cachotières nous léguées par la colonisation".
"Toutes les stratégies à mettre en place, a-t-elle poursuivi, devront se baser sur la mise sur pied de plans fermes visant à renforcer la sécurité et l'économie de nos pays et à créer de nouveaux emplois. Tout autant, la libre circulation des personnes et des biens devrait avoir une place essentielle dans les préoccupations des Etats africains. Celle-ci ne devra pas être prise en relation avec des paramètres de déficit sécuritaire qui peut survenir d'un instant à l'autre dans tel ou tel pays africain, encore moins elle ne devra pas entrer en ligne de compte avec des problèmes économiques existant. C'est pourquoi nous devons être prompts dans la préparation d'un cadre de collaboration et d'échange d'information mais aussi d'un cadre de coordination de la gestion de la sécurité africaine".
Suppression de visa pour voyageurs africains
La ministre rwandaise a défendu la thèse d'une Afrique prospère grâce à la libre circulation des personnes et des biens tout autant que cela se tente dans l'espace EAC (East African Community) où les citoyens voyagent de pays à pays exhibant rien que leurs cartes d'identité.
Elle a mentionné le cas des Iles Seychelles qui a déclaré officiellement supprimer les visa pour ressortissants africains entrant dans les Iles. Pour la ministre, les questions de sécurité liées à des maladies contagieuses tel qu'Ebola, au terrorisme, au trafic humain et bien d'autres ne devraient pas être prises comme des défis insurmontables mais plutôt qu'elles devraient être solutionnées grâce aux efforts coordonnés entre pays africains.
Le Rapport Africa Visa Openness Report 2017 réalisé par la Commission de l'Union Africaine sur financement de la BAD montre que 21 pays africains ont fait beaucoup de progrès dans le processus de suppression de visa d'entrée pour les passagers et marchandises africains.
Igenekerezo rya 29 Rusama.
Ibikuru bikuru vyaranze iyi genekerezo ni :
1418 : Ifatwa ry'igisagara ca Paris, gifatwa n'ingabo za Yohani sans Peur. 1453 : Itembagazwa ry'igisagara ca Constantinople. 1660 : Mu Bwongereza hasubizwaho intwaro ya cami. 1724 : Hatorwa Papa Benedigito wa 13. 1999 : Olusegun Obasanjo yimikwa mu mabanga y'umukuru w'igihugu ca Nijeriya.
Abazwi cane bavutse kw'igenekerezo nkiri
1439 : Piyo wa 3, umu Papa. 1630 : Charles wa 3, umwami w'Ubwongereza. 1874 : Gilbert Keith (...)
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