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Yesterday — September 21st 2018IGIHE.com English Version

HWPL World Peace Summit: Peace Conferences led by peace-builders from various fields

By John Mbaraga

In an effort to find solutions to achieve sustainable peace, the participants discussed their roles and actionable plans in relation to the enactment of the international law for peace, the development of peace education, the promotion of a culture of peace as well as religious harmony.

On the last day of the 3-days summit, the host organization, Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL) held sectorial conferences for members of youth and women organizations, religious leaders, and media.

The Role of the Youth and Women in Realizing Peace on the Korean Peninsula and in the World

Organized by International Peace Youth Group (IPYG), an affiliated group of HWPL, the youth session titled ‘The Role of the Youth in Spreading a Culture of Peace for the Realization of World Peace' had an agenda of the support and the participation of youth for the ‘Peace letter campaign'.

Peace letter campaign is one of the peace projects of IPYG to urge the government to support the implementation of the international law for peace based on the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW).

Mr. Herculano Amaral, Coordinator of International Rotary Club of Dili Lafaek in Timor-Leste, introduced the result of the peace letter campaign. “Last year, IPYG members of Timor-Leste Branch met the former president and introduced about HWPL and IPYG's activities. And this year, our team convey the documents of the DPCW and a peace letter to the cabinet of the president. The movement is intended to get support from the president of our country and also those who involved in the decision making.”

In particular, this year's conference also aimed to call for the support for the peaceful reunification on the Korean Peninsula. According to the General Director of IPYG, Mr. Young Min Chung, IPYG has made progress within Korea. The Declaration of Unification of Korea, declared by Chairman of HWPL in 2010, stated the need for the two leaders of Korea to listen to the voices of the Korean citizens. To achieve this, thousands of youths in Korea have written peace letters to President Moon to voice their support for the unification. At the same time, hundreds of political leaders from around the world wrote letters to urge the leader of North Korea to talk to HWPL for the peace of the Korean peninsula.

In the same vein, “2018 Worldwide Women's Peace Conference” was held by International Women's Peace Group (IWPG) affiliated with HWPL to share the progress of its peace activity such as women's peace education and plant peace campaign and to discuss the role of women leaders to bring peace in the world as well as to the last divided nation, Korea.

On the topic of the conference, Former First Lady of Croatia, Dr. Tatjana Josipović said, “The only legitimate and reasonable politics is to search for the permanent peace, without any violence. Women in the creative fields of activities can contribute to the implementation of peace influencing other people to advocate the DPCW to become a binding legal instrument. I think the provisions of the DPCW should be not only a moral obligation but to be binding rules for all world leaders. Our voice must be heard from political institutions, art scene, sports fields, classrooms, and media to warn humanity that we must do everything to stop wars and violence once forever.”

4th International Religious Leaders' Conference: Spreading the Culture of Seeking a Trustworthy Scripture to Realize the Era of Peace

World religious leaders from 20 different denominations gathered together to promote the culture of peace among religions and seek for the dedication of faith leaders to realize peace. For this, the members of ‘Solidarity of Religions' Peace Committee' were appointed as a role of spreading the culture of seeking a trustworthy scripture.

The Most Rev. Wattegama Dhammawasa Nayaka Thero, President of Sri Subodharama International Buddhist Center in Sri Lanka, said, “Even though my place is peaceful right now, we cannot be completely free from conflicts deeply. Religious extremists do not practice their own religion and some hold strongly to their own religious views, hence conflicts and misunderstandings occur due to this discrepancy. Therefore, I could agree the goal of HWPL that we should find out the most trustworthy scripture that can overcome the differences of ideologies among religions to achieve world peace.” stressing the need for the religious harmony based on a trustworthy scripture.

Speaking about the need of the comparative studies of the scripture, Chairman of HWPL said, “Why do people need the scripture? It is because the scripture leads the righteous way for people. Thoughts or wisdom of one's own can't be defined as a scripture. At this time, the comparative studies of scripture are the most urgent since it is the definite way for the religions to become one.”

2nd Conference for Global Peace Media Network: International Peace Media Community, “Peace Initiative”

Journalists and representatives of media outlets from about 30 countries took part in the conference for global peace media network where the peace media platform ‘Peace Initiative (PI)' launched.

‘Peace Initiative' is designed by the ideas of the journalists around the world in order to spread the news of peace and promote peace journalism with protecting the freedom of the press. To forge the cooperative partnership for ‘PI', participated representatives of media outlets and HWPL signed an MOU.

Ahead of the addresses from the journalist, Former President of Tunisia and Bishop of Poona diocese delivered the messages on the significance of the role of media to promote peace in the mind of people and the society.

As a special speaker, H.E. Dr. Moncef Marzouki, Former President of Tunisia, emphasized the mission of the media. “As a human rights activist, I know how much I owe to the independent press that has always unveiled the violations of the dictatorship in Tunisia and the Arab world and thus contributed largely to the Arab Spring. Today there is a new mission. In the face of the surge of hatred, rumors and false information that infect social networks, only honest and serious journalists are the guarantors of the truth, which is the essential condition for peace in hearts and minds. I am sure you will live up to the immense task ahead and wish you good luck in this vital mission.”

Mr. Avtandil Otinashvili, Editor in Chief of Newsday in Georgia, said “We journalists should let the whole society know about the peace-building efforts of various sectors of the society. By raising awareness of peace through news reporting, we can stop those innocent people, especially youth from losing their lives in the futility of war. I believe it is our noble duty and responsibility as a journalist.”

“In this context, I am glad that HWPL and journalists from different countries considered the need to create a ‘Global Peace Media Network' in order not only to inform the population about the existence of conflicts but also to outline ways to resolve them. We are confident that the content called ‘peaceinitiative.net' will become the platform that will prepare and disseminate information on the subject of peace, which, in turn, contributes to establishing peace on our planet.” he added.

The conference concluded that the participants signed “Joint Statement on Media Cooperation for Press Freedom and Global Peace” which contained the mutual assistance and cooperation to foster global peace through sharing peace-related news, to report to help protect human rights as well as democracy, and to take joint action onto inhumane atrocities.

The host of this summit, Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL participated in each session and delivered his message to the attendees, the peace-builders. “We founded HWPL for the security and peace in the world. However, HWPL cannot achieve world peace and the cessation of war by itself. Power of an individual is merely that of one person. However, if these individuals gather, we can foster great strength. If we abide by the DPCW of 10 articles 38 clauses, we can achieve peace. For this very reason, everyone should acknowledge and promote the DPCW. Let every one of you become one and achieve peace. We are one!”

HWPL

Leaders in Eastern Europe seek collaboration with International NGO for Peace-building in South-Korea

By John Mbaraga

‘Goseong Peace Talk', which was jointly organized with International Centre for Black Sea-Baltic Studies and Consensus Practices (Centre BBS), sought the means of collaboration for the implementation of peace project suggested by Centre BBS and the establishment of the international law for peace based on the DPCW.

Topics of the talk on the roles and responsibilities of global leaders for cessation of war were as followed: Fundamental solution for the cessation of war; Cooperative measures to develop the DPCW into a legally binding document; Cooperative measures to achieve peaceful unification of the Korean Peninsula; HWPL's cooperation for Centre BBS's ‘World Peace Order Project'.

Regarding the main topic of the meeting, the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW), Mr. Pravin H. Parekh, President of Confederation of Indian Bar, highlighted the principles of the DPCW and its value.

“The DPCW reaffirms the principle of equality of national sovereignty and encourages the State to promote international peace in consultation with other countries on the premise of mutual respect, equal rights and self-determination rights of all people. Also, it mentions all the elements that can cause war and conflict and tries to prevent it from evolving. Based on this declaration, HWPL is making a real war-ending peace activity with family of peace.“

The peace talk concluded with the presentation of ‘Goseong Agreement' and MOU between HWPL and Centre BBS to advance their collaborative efforts for peacebuilding in the world as well as in the Korean Peninsula.

The ‘Goseong Agreement' was written in conforming with the joint action to present the DPCW to UN for its adoption, to support the peaceful reunification of the two Koreas, and to form the sustainable relationship to fulfill world peace.

Viktor Yushchenko, Former president of Ukraine, said “If a country is attacked, no one is safe, because we are one. What we are going to talk about is solidarity. We need to get the signatures of a million people because it can bring many people to affirm the solidarity. I think Chairman Lee of HWPL is doing great work to gain support from many people in various countries. We are becoming one. The work we are doing is the way we unite.”

The members of Centre BBS, expressing regret over the division of the Korean Peninsula caused by the Cold War, had a deep discussion on the ways to support and cooperate to end the decades-long division of the peninsula.

The countries of the Black Sea region that experienced the Cold War since the 2nd World War have continued their efforts towards freedom of the people, democracy, and self-determination. The ‘Belavezha Accords' of December 1991 virtually disbanded the Soviet Union in its 69-year history and laid the foundation for democracy in Eastern Europe today.

The majority of Centre BBS including Ms. Iryna Vereshchuk, H.E. Gennady Burbulis, H.E. Viktor Yushchenko, H.E. Stanislaw Shushkevich, Hon. Emil Constantinescu, and H.E. Petru Lucinschi, attended this peace talk, was the leaders of Eastern Europe who led the ‘Belavezha Accords'.

HWPL

Eastern Europe former presidents convene for the 5th Baltic Black Sea Forum

By John Mbaraga

International Centre for Black Sea-Baltic Studies and Consensus Practices (Centre BBS) is an organization where discusses maintaining security and peace in the European region. This year's forum was taken place in South Korea where has been divided for 65 years to establish the network for peace between Asia and Europe.

Former President of Romania, Hon. Emil Constantinescu, said, “We have seen too many fall victims to conflicts from misunderstandings. Therefore, it is important to respect each other's values. It will serve as an opportunity to construct a new form of international relations. We can pursue the safety and stability by holding conversations. Instead a superficial one, the true democracy is achieved through conversations. Peace cannot be achieved under the oppressive environment. Peace that comes from the hearts of millions is true peace.”

In attendance with 116 participants from more than 50 countries including former and current presidents of the states, national assembly members of each country, educators, and journalists, Centre BBS announced ‘Seoul Statement' to seek for methods in order to strengthen the solidarity of peacekeeping based on the values of humanism, spirituality, freedom, and human dignity.

Emphasizing the importance of the collective efforts for building peace, Former Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Belarus, H.E. Stanislaw Shushkevich, said, “The peace initiatives here are sophisticated approaches that we also pursue. It is also the form of international law we have been waiting for. I'd like to thank all of your efforts and actions, and I look forward to the future after we affirm our solidarity in peace.”

The members of Centre BBS were also invited to the peace summit held by Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL), the co-host of the 5th Baltic Black Sea Forum. This organization holds a summit annually for the enactment of the international law and interfaith dialogue for world peace and cessation of war.

People from Various Backgrounds Participated at the 5th Baltic-Black Sea Forum
Baltic-Black Sea Forum Panelists answering questions from participants

HWPL

Praise for World Peace and Unification of the Korean Peninsula

By John Mbaraga

The peace festival with the theme of “Heavenly Culture on Earth, Onward to a World of Lasting Peace” was held at Incheon Asiad Main Stadium in South Korea, a spot of 2014 Asian Games. On the occasion of the 4th Anniversary of the WARP Summit, this outdoor event invited world political leaders, religious leaders, social representatives from women and youth groups, educators, media along with citizens from across the country.

Started with the trumpet sound of a marching band that signaled the era of peace has come, the daylong festival continued with the various cultural performances such as Korean folk music tradition called ‘Nongak', 12 different peace parade, and Korean traditional dance performance.

According to the host organization, Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL), the peace parade contained the message about the peaceful world that the global village dreams of achieved through religious harmony, peace education, and international law for peace.

In his address, H.E. Donald Ramotar, Former President of Guyana, stressed on the collaborative efforts for the world peace as well as the reunification of Korean Peninsula. “I am particularly happy that one of the emphases of your work is to get the ordinary women and men involved in the work and struggle for world peace. Many times, we have seen that it is through our collective voices and representation of progressive leaders that changes can be made and resources can be diverted to raise the quality of life and standards of living of humankind.”

“It is most gratifying to see Korean people united in sports and families are once more able to meet and greet each other. I wish to extend my support to all of you working for this unification of this great land. I am happy to be here at this time and hope to return to see the border which now separates the two Koreas, will be turned into a line of the 33 unity of your people and century.”

H.E. Viktor Yushchenko, Former President of Ukraine, said, “Together with you, we feel the pain of your people unfairly divided by the two great empires and pray for the unification of your country. I believe that peace is approaching every day due to the indefinite activities of Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL and his organization, as well as the genuine desire of millions of people. I sincerely thank you for the fact that your organization is carrying the peace initiatives with the concrete action plans. The DPCW is a perfect and balanced document that can be the basis of solidarity for peacekeeping in all countries of the world. I think all the leaders of the countries should support the DPCW.”

At the end of the festival, the whole stadium was filled with the lights and the chants of 100,000 attendees, shouting “We are one!” wishing for a harmonious world of peace.

Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL, the host of this festival, delivered his thanks message to the attendees, saying “I have noticed that no one in this world wanted war, but everyone wanted peace. Hence, I am certain that peace will be achieved. Journalists, former and incumbent presidents, chief justices, university chancellors, ministers of education, presidents of parliaments, and mayors of different cities and nations have expressed their endorsement of the 10 articles and 38 clauses of the DPCW, and they are signing MOUs with HWPL. I would also like to express my gratitude to politicians, religious leaders, and heads of organizations for supporting the peaceful unification of the Korean Peninsula and the DPCW, and working together with HWPL shouting, “We Are One!”.

HWPL

KCB donates Rwf12 million worth of iron sheets to disaster victims

By IGIHE

Early this year, Rwanda was hit by natural cataclysms including rainstorms which caused floods, lightning and landslides that claimed 222 lives countrywide, destroyed crops and a lot of infrastructure including roads, bridges, schools, and homesteads, leaving over 5000 homeless.

KCB Bank Rwanda through their KCB Foundation has come out to support the affected families as part of their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

The most needy families were identified by the Ministry of Disaster Management.

Speaking to the beneficiaries yesterday as they delivered the alms, the Managing Director of KCB Bank Rwanda, George Odhiambo said KCB did the act to give back to the community but also to help the population get shelter which is a basic human need.

"Shelter is among the basic human needs, when something interrupts that, life becomes threatened, security is disturbed and the development of the nation and individuals is kept behind because when you have no shelter, it becomes difficult for you to work hard and develop yourself," George Odhiambo said.

"We were, as KCB, touched on heart, by the disasters that hit the nation, Ruhango District included and that's why we decided to act and brought these iron sheets to residents to help rehabilitate your houses," Odhiambo added.

Five home houses were already rehabilitated while 45 homes identified will soon be reconstructed.

The Minister of Disasters Management and Refugees, Mrs. Jeanne D'Arc De Bonheur commended KCB for its initiative to help the local communities and called on the other stakeholders to emulate KCB in supporting the citizens who are their clients.

KCB which will be celebrating its 10th anniversary in Rwanda this year, recently supported the residents of Bugesera District by donating water tanks to help community address water scarcity challenges. The Bank currently sponsors 100 youth in vocational skills under "KCB Igire Program" which was launched early this year.

The Minister of Disasters Management and Refugees, Mrs. Jeanne D'Arc De Bonheur commended KCB for its initiative to help the local communities

IGIHE

Gashagaza laid to rest

By IGIHE

The 53 year old former police spokesperson for the Rwanda National Police in the Southern Region, was found dead early this week in Ndera Sector of Kicukiro District, Kigali.

Friends and relatives who gathered to bid him farewell eulogized this good works,, his love of work and friendly personalty.

CSP Gashagaza's daughter Paola tearingly gave a short tribute saying "Dear father, you left while we still needed you. Many times you gave us advice, taught us that nothing was impossible. We hereby promise you that your teachings and advice will not go to waste."

“Your time on earth will forever be remembered. May God bless you for it all, I love you. ” Paola added

In her short speech, Chantal Uwimana, Gashagaza's late wife, said that her husband's loss would leave a huge gap in their lives.

Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB) is holding two people suspected of having participated in the murder of the former Police officer.

Speaking to IGIHE, the Spokesperson of the Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB), Modeste Mbabazi said: “Following investigations after the murder of CSP Hubert Gashagaza, RIB has arrested two suspects in connection with his death as we pursue other leads as well.”

He said that Gashagaza might have been strangled.

A look into Hubert Gashagaza's life

Hubert Gashagaza was son to Saratiyeri Munyentwari and Esther Mukamusoni. He was born in Rutarabana, Ruhango, Southern Province, on 01st April 1965.

He was a first born in a family of eight; five boys and three girls. His parents were killed during the 1994 Genocide against Tutsis.

He was married to Chantal Uwimana in 1965, fathered four daughters and one son.
Gashagaza was among the first Rwandan Youth that went to Uganda in 1987, where he became a member of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).

He served on the contingent of Rwanda National Police peacekeepers in Central Africa Republic.

IGIHE

DFID donates Rwf300 million towards fighting gender-based violence

By IGIHE

DFID Social Development Advisor in Rwanda, Zaza Curran said that the project will be implemented by Action Aid Rwanda, a non-governmental organization alongside different other stakeholders in Rwanda including local governments in four 4 districts where the project will operate.

She was speaking on Tuesday when Action Aid Rwanda officially launched two projects to address sexual and reproductive health rights and gender-based violence. The two projects launched are Speak Out that will be targeting girls between 9 and 18 years and Strengthening Women Advocacy (SWA) Project. This will be focused on strengthening the effectiveness of women organizations' advocacy to advance Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR).

Mrs Zaza says that DFID targets to deal with the challenges facing young women up to adulthood, cooperating with families to find sustainable solutions to the identified challenges.

“It is a 1,300,000 Euros funding that will be utilised in a period of four years. Action Aid will implement the project in collaboration with different other partners in the country in order to eradicate violence through Tinyuka Uvuge project.” She said.

Action Aid Rwanda Director Josephine Uwamariya said that Speak Out project will be working to empower girls and women with life skills and build self-confidence which will help young women facing violence to speak their problems out.

“I thank Action Aid for thinking of such a project that empowers girls to find solutions and keep their dignity. Empowerment and dignity if girls and women should be a concern for all of us,” She said.

However, she said that the journey is long but there is need for working together to achieve and ensure that girls and boys are on the same page. She noted that this project is one of the forces going to help them in preventing SGBV and its other forms.

Among the maintargets of for Speak Out project is 5600 girls, community members and women rights organisations to have increased willingness, confidence and ability to report and respond to cases of violence in Karongi, Nyanza, Gisagara and Nyaruguru districts.

IGIHE

Before yesterdayIGIHE.com English Version

Two held over Gashagaza death

By IGIHE

Rtd CSP Gashagaza was found dead in the night of Tuesday, September 18, 2018 in Ndera Sector of Kicukiro District, Kigali.

Speaking to IGIHE, the Spokesperson of the Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB), Modeste Mbabazi said: “Following investigations after the murder of CSP Hubert Gashagaza, RIB has arrested two suspects in connection with his death as we pursue other leads as well.”

He said that CSP Hubert Gashagaza, who was the Rwanda National Police (RNP) Spokesperson in the Southern Province before his retirement, might have been strangled.

The identities of the suspects have not been yet revealed.

“The first person to report his death was a motorcyclist who saw him dead in the car around 5a.m. The driver's window glass was smashed. The victim was found dead with cables that might have been used to strangle him around his neck still in the car,” he told IGIHE on the day Gashagaza's body was found in his car.

The body was found in Ndera sector, Kicukiro District, where Chinese workers park trucks on a Murram road, about 100 meters from the tarmac road.

Gashagaza had been demobilized from the National Police in August 2016 but was serving in the Rwanda's Army Reserve Force “Inkeragutabara”.

IGIHE

Rwandan youth encouraged to invest in local capital market

By IGIHE

The call was made by Rwanda's Capital Market Authority, on Tuesday, during the YouthConnekt Awards ceremony of best young innovators, organized by the Ministry of Youth in partnership with various partners.

One of the statutory objectives of the Capital Market Authority is to promote and develop the capital market industry in Rwanda. Investor education is one of the ways of attaining this goal.

The Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Youth, Emmanuel Bigenimana addressing young people told them to be business oriented by embracing the saving culture to ensure a better future for themselves and the country as well.

“Don't assume that you will start saving when you get excess money. You will not get it. Saving is about adjusting your expenses and avoid spending it on needless things,” he noted.

CMA initiated a national public education programme to facilitate an interactive and educational forum to enable the general public understand the benefits of savings and investing through the capital market.

The Public Relations Officer at CMA, Magnifique Migisha reiterated that young people are able to contribute to the country's development efforts by saving and investing through the local capital market.

He stressed that “CMA is committed to building a financially literate generation and help them navigate the future through effective savings and investments through capital market.”

“At CMA we educate the public about the culture of saving and investment because a well-informed investor is a well-protected investor,” he added.

Claude Mutabazi, a young innovator who owns a poultry business in Karongi District said; “I now understand the benefits of saving and investing in the stock market as it pays back in the future so that we can be able to grow our businesses easily.”

CMA has committed to carry out a number of public education initiatives meant to bridge the financial literacy gap, and they initiated various drives targeting people from all walks of life countrywide to facilitate an interactive and educative forum to enable up-country investors to start saving and investing through the capital market.

Rwandan youth from across Western Province were called to nurture and embrace the saving culture.

IGIHE

Former NIRDA Director General, five staff arrested

By IGIHE

“Former Director General of NIRDA, Dr Mungarulire Joseph with five senior staff still working at NIRDA have been arrested in connection with embezzlement and mismanagement of funds meant for establishment of Community Processing Centers in Districts (CPCs),” Rwanda Investigation Bureau (RIB) has announced in a tweet.

RIB said the investigations are underway before handing the dossiers to the Prosecution.

When President Kagame reshuffled the cabinet on August 30, 2017, he named Mrs Pichette Kampeta Sayinzoga a replacement of Dr. Joseph Mungarurire as the Director General of NIRDA.

Mungarurire had been at the helm of NIRDA since 2013 when the institution was founded to replace the formal Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (IRST).

Immediately after her appointment on the position of NIRDA Director General, Pichette Kampeta Sayinzoga requested for an audit for Financial Year 2015-16 and financial year 2016.

The audit was conducted and exposed irregularities in procurement, administration and financial management.

In January, Kampeta requested the then CID to investigate the findings of the audit to establish individual responsibilities and they did so.

The audit covered construction, purchase of equipment and management of CPCs as well as NIRDA management in general.

Affected centers include; Rwamagana Banana Wine CPCs, Nyabihu Potatoes Factory Nyanza Ceramics CPC, Rutsiro Honey CPC and Burera Dairy CPC.

IGIHE has not been able to establish the volume of the funds missing, but Rwf 1.6 billion for the Rwamagana Banana Wine CPC has not been accounted for. Kampeta Sayinzoga, in an interview with Taarifa , said that, “This arrest [of former NIRDA Director General and other five staff] is therefore in this context.”

IGIHE

Agaciro joins International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds

By IGIHE

The decision to admit Rwanda was announced yesterday, bringing the global network of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) membership to 32, including 6 SWFs from Africa; Angola, Nigeria, Botswana and Libya, Morocco and Rwanda.

Being Rwanda's first sovereign wealth fund, AGDF was initiated by Rwandans in 2011 at the 9th National Dialogue Council. It was set up to build up public savings to achieve self-reliance, maintain stability in times of shocks to the national economy and accelerate Rwanda's socio-economic development goals, among others.

The membership will bring forth potential benefits such as collaborating with peers for knowledge and best practices in SWFs investment and management, participating in collaborative research on SWFs investments, management and peer assistance.

Agaciro's entrance in the forum will see the implementation of the Santiago Principles which consists of 24 generally accepted principles and practices voluntarily adopted by IFSWF members. The Principles endorse transparency, good governance, accountability and prudent investment practices.

AGDF's present investment portfolio is worth Rwf51.5 billion. The Government of Rwanda recently bestowed to AGDF its shares held in different companies- a move that is expected to enlarge the Fund's current portfolio size and diversify its investments. AGDF invests locally and internationally.

The International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds (IFSWF) is a global network of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) established in 2009 to enhance collaboration, promote a deeper understanding of SWF activity and raise the industry standard for best practice and governance.

IGIHE

Team Rwanda to compete in 2018 Grand Prix Chantal Biya race announced

By IGIHE

The International Cycling Union (UCI) 2.2 level cycling competition “Grand Prix Chantal Biya” to be held for the 18th time, since 2001, will see the riders from 10 teams, among them three from Cameroon, peddling through five stages on a total distance of 699 kilometers.

The list of cyclists to represent Rwanda in the tour was announced by the Rwanda Cycling Federation (FERWACY). Tactician Felix Sempoma will be in charge of the team during the competition.

The team comprises of among others Jean Bosco Nsengimana who won Tour du Rwanda 2015 and became the second Rwandan to win the tour since 2009 when it became international after Valens Ndayisenga who was the winner in the previous year.

The five-rider team also includes Bonaventure Uwizeyimana, the reigning winner of the race, Janvier Rugamba, Eric Manizabayo and Michel Uwiduhaye.

The Rwandan cyclists will fly to Cameroon on September 24, 2018, two days before the tournament kicks off.

In 2016, Nsengimana, 24, won the fourth stage of the tour when he clocked 4'09''42''' on a distance of 169 kilometers. Nsengimana was then competing for the German Stradalli Bike Aid cycling club.

Team Rwanda emerged second best team behind Cameroon's SNH Velo in 2016 while they had finished second behind Team Morocco in 2015, when they first participated in the annual race. Rwanda was not last year invited by the organizers.

The “Grand Prix Chantal Biya” cycling competition is organized by the Cameroonian Cycling Federation and chiefly sponsored by Chantal Biya, the wife of the President of Cameroon Paul Biya, hence the name.

Last year's edition of Grand Prix Chantal Biya tour was won by the 26 year old Cameroonian, Clovis Kamzong who rides for SNH Velo Club.

Stages of 2018 Grand Prix Chantal Biya race:

• September 26, Stage 1: Douala –Douala( 92km)
• September 27, Stage 2: Yaoundé –Nanga-Eboko (152km)
• September 28, Stage 3: Yaoundé – Ebolowa (151 km)
• September 29, Stage 4: Sangmélima – Meyomessala (134 km)
• September 30, Stage 5: Sangmélima – Yaoundé (170 km)

IGIHE

Rotary Club District 9150 Governor in Rwanda

By IGIHE

The governor arrived in Kigali on Monday, accompanied by his wife Nicole Mouyokani. He was welcomed by the Deputy Governor in Rwanda in Rotary International District 9150, Rugera Jeanette.

Rotary Clubs consist of individuals with a passion to positively transform the lives and livelihoods of the poor and underprivileged in society.

Governor Mouyokani succeeded Burundian Frédéric Bishahushi and visiting is his first for the first time after taking office in July 2018.

Speaking to IGIHE, 65 year old Mouyokani expressed his joy at the welcome he received when he was in Kigali.

“I was not surprised by the warm welcome since they always do it. Rotary is very strong in Rwanda seeing how the clubs work. It is what I came to see even though the reports are showing great results already.” He said

In his mandate, he will work with clubs in the region to support Education, Health and sanitation.

In Rwanda, Rotary clubs have joined hands in a bid to support those goals. In August 2018, 50 doctors from 15 hopitals were given training in a partnership of the Ministry of Health, Rotary Club from Williamsburg through Kigali Gasabo Rotary club.

Rotary Club District 9150 was established in 1982, and is composed of Rwanda, Burundi, Cameroun, Congo, Gabon, Guinée Equatoriale, République Démocratique du Congo, République du Centrafrique, Tchad and Sao Tomé-et-Principe.

Deputy Governor in Rwanda in Rotary International District 9150, Rugera Jeanette
Governor Jérémie Mouyokani was accompanied by his wife Nicole Mouyokani.

IGIHE

Rwanda's economy grows by 6.7 % in second quarter of 2018

By IGIHE

NISR attributed the 6.7% GDP growth to agriculture which grew by 6%, the industry sector which grew by 10% and the services that sector that registered a 5% growth.
According to the Deputy Director General (DDG), at the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, Mr. Ivan Murenzi, the growth in agriculture sector was mainly attributed to growth in food crops and export crops which grew by 6% each.

The food crops registered a 6% growth in the agriculture season A and the increase in export growth was mainly attributed to increased coffee and tea production.

Growth in the Industry sector was due to manufacturing and construction activities which grew by 12% and 11% respectively. Under manufacturing, food processing rose by 19% supported by 32% increase in cereal processing and 6% from processed tea, coffee and sugar. Furthermore, textile, shoes and leather goods production increased by 13% while production of construction materials and metallic products rose by 37%.

Growth in the service sector was attributed to the 11% increase in wholesale and retail activities, transport increased by 13% boosted by air transport that grew by 17%, ICT by 18% , financial services by 8% while public administration increased by 4%.

“We have noticed that construction is gaining momentum with the 11% growth in second quarter following 8% observed in the first quarter,” Ivan Murenzi, the deputy Director General of the National institute of Statistics of Rwanda said.

“There is positive growth across all sectors. Manufacturing has performed well compared to the same period last year which is supported by Made in Rwanda initiatives which are having a positive impact on growth,” Dr. Uzziel Ndagijimana, the Minister of Finance and Economic Planning said.

On whether, Government planned to revise the 7.2% growth forecast for 2018, Minister Ndagijimana assured that current growth indicated that the economy was on track to achieve the projected growth.

“We are maintaining the 2018 growth projections. We still have six months to monitor the performance of the economy,” Minister Ndagijimana added.

IGIHE

President Paul Kagame's full speech after the swearing in of newly elected MPs

By IGIHE

So deputies, you are going to start assuming your responsibilities. Meeting here is not just a custom or ceremony. It is instead a determination that we are going to do the very job. Rwandans hope that you will serve them, communicate their wishes and help them develop our country as we, as Rwandans, wish it to be. You have a big role to play together with all of us. This 4th chamber has something unique. Many of you are new, so use your energy, thoughts and action to raise this chamber to another level in terms of building our country.

You also have a starting point in that journey of actions that you are going to undertake. You are building on what others have done for the past 24 years. You have been also in the same activities in other sectors other than this one. Every mandate should show where we are as a country. As we have seen it in the oaths, elections outcome, there are new people on board. Those new ones may be from RPF, PL or PSD.

However, those names and the others I did not mention belong to the parties already in the parliament. However, we have also seen new parties in the parliament. All those things are new and different and they show the level of our country and its reconstruction process. We have Green Party, PS Imberakuri and others that are new in the parliament unlike the other parties that are already in the parliament.

They will still do what they did elsewhere in the parliament. That is another step we ought to continue building upon. The time that you took seeking votes in different parts of the country, you met with Rwandans. The same way you met, reached them seeking votes from everywhere even so keep approaching them and collaborate to solve their problems as the parliament.

During that time, you have other responsibilities. You are not the only ones that should be close to them to listen to and collaborate with them. Instead, among other responsibilities, you have to follow up government's actions. Please reach out to them and follow up whether the government delivers on its responsibilities. That is the responsibility you have to fulfill that but it often does not happen. Every time would have its scale. I want us to increase the momentum and step to follow up on those who are in charge of the actions related to developing our country and Rwandans in order to check out and know whether they are doing the way they should be done.

Then, those who do not fulfill their responsibilities should be held accountable. Those who do not fulfill their responsibilities in terms of developing our country and citizens should strictly be held accountable.

So, I request this new chamber of parliament to strive to collaborate, follow up on all those and make use of them to make the right step forward. Yes, it has been done but what I want to reiterate here is that it is not enough. Often, we have the capacity to deal with those that are not enough so that they are done or ought to have been done.

However, most things are messed up in between institutions or leaders. Those are leaders from all levels; government, parliament. I will therefore follow up on them and see whether they fulfill their responsibilities. Matters that have to do with outreach programs and capacity. In the meantime, those in charge of doing those things should make them their own. That is what I think should be done, but we will follow up on them much more.

Now that I am saying it, I have before me a long list of things that can be done, the capacity available, but are not done the right way. That will not just happen and go. Let me give you an example to make it clear. This has been repeated throughout this parliament and previous ones saying that a certain institution was given every capacity whether it is in terms of materials to do whatever they wanted to in order to benefit the citizens. There is an auditor general who is always here and you have made him mad because he always come and show you what things look like. He shows you figures in which what was inputted is not what comes out of it. The auditor even mentions institutions, and names of people as well as the number of what they wasted.

This is an example of the things that should be improved on and changed. If you are leader in a given institution and you were given the responsibility as well as the capacity to fulfill it then the auditor general comes and shows us that what was achieved and what should be achieved is like 25%, nobody knows where others went. I want us to make it clearer that we will hold you responsible and you will tell us where you put them.

First, we will show it to you as it is, because we do not to make wrong accusations against anyone. You will also confess that you delivered on them by 25 per cent. At that time, we will ask you the whereabouts of 75 per cent. Telling us that you just do not know is not enough. I myself think that we should search if you are not willing to tell us so. We will keep on searching and following up until we know what you possess in your own names or what you have written under other people's names.

We will restore them, but while doing so we will keep you somewhere. In the world we live in, and in Rwanda particularly, those ones decide to flee the country after so looting it. This is because they have people outside the country to host them. The countries that we partner with, which also help us with development have a political system that is structured in the way I can't change, but I will change what is here.

They even host anyone whether it is those that have committed theft, causing problems to Rwandans by taking all the wealth. Then when they arrive there, it is said that they are being prosecuted for political grounds. So, they warmly welcome them. However, they have become suspicious these days. It is not enough that someone goes and says that they are just fleeing the political turmoil in their country and they just host them.

Even when they host you, they do not have a lot to give you. They don't even have a lot to dictate to us starting from that political system I told you. In the governance our country, we should be cautious and choose what is important for us and do so, without harming others even those who are not Rwandans. Our political system is to mind our own business not to mind other people's business.

We have become familiar with that kind of political system whereby those who have stolen or made other mistakes are out there talking about political issues in their countries. So, they are hosted but they should know that they cause problems to their hosts and to Rwandans in general as well. After they had taught you that they would host you in case of anything because they will do it in the name of someone who wants to see a change here in Rwanda. In Rwanda things will change according to they way we want them to, not according to how others wish.

Recently, as usual, because it is not the first time as a way to solve those problems, we have mercy, not mercy as such but as a way to solve problems. If we did not give clemency, how many people would still be in prison? We would still have hundreds of thousands in jail because that is where they should be. But to build our country, we made the decision to rehabilitate our citizens and enable them to contribute to our country.

Recently, when we released people including the political stars as from outside the country, that it is how we do it, it is not for the first time. But some people were saying that they did not and cannot ask for forgiveness but said it was because of the pressure. Which pressure here? In Rwanda, it is not pressure we respond to, it is our own thoughts. Where this country comes from has taught us that we must refuse to be a submissive people. If you keep on saying so, you will find yourself back in jail.

If you want us to show you that it is not from pressure but critical thinking, you will find yourself back there or find yourself abroad wandering since you will do nothing else there. We took lessons from where Rwanda came from that makes us resistant to those who want to destabilize us.

So, you should be humble and get along well with others and work well. This is what our country wishes. We want to cooperate with others well. Even the lessons all over the world show us that working in harmony and searching for the common interests is the only thing we can use.

Regarding differences in wealth and capacity where someone thinks that they can do anything to you because they have something more than you, it is no longer applicable. Especially, because we have had suffered so much that we no longer suffer from that. It is not possible. We are willing to live at peace with those who are so willing, benefit mutually and develop.

So, I would like to share with this parliament, the width of the responsibility that they have. Keep in mind that we do according to the whole country. We first examine ourselves and correct our mistakes in order to do what we should be doing. The rest, we should listen carefully for someone who has a different opinion. If we think that it is worthwhile, we will take it or tell them if it is not worth considering as well as the reason. If they become aggressive, we will also tell them that we can also be aggressive if it is necessary.

This is not particular for Rwanda; it is how it should be done elsewhere. Even Africa our continent that suffered for countless years longs for that. We need to hold ourselves back from there. Even the weak, have gradually found where to get strength. What strengthens us all is that cooperation, complementarity and mutual kindness.

The vision that our country targets, 30 years from 2020 you start this parliament with that vision ahead of us. So, we must work towards that vision and our unity as Rwandans because that helps us. It has helped us for the past 20 years and it will continue so doing for 30 years from 2020. It is like those Christians who get filled with the Holy Spirit. That is the spirit we should start from and leave others to mind their business. But let us start from there because if we don't we will not get any more spirit.

So, dignitaries, deputies, those who are new, all institutions of our country, let me conclude by thanking you for the collaboration you have manifested. I also remind you that that cooperation should start from home as Rwanda. We must do everything possible that promotes, strengthens and makes us immune to all that can shake us from our journey from wherever. I wish everyone good health and work.

IGIHE

We refuse to be a submissive people —Kagame

By IGIHE

"In Rwanda, it is not pressure we respond to, it is our own thoughts. Where this country comes from has taught us that we must refuse to be a submissive people," Kagame noted.

The head of state said that if he did not give clemency to the prisoners, hundreds of thousands would still be in prison. However, in order to build the country, he said he made the decision to rehabilitate the citizens and enable them contribute to the country's development.

The president made the remarks today at the Parliament after the swearing in ceremony of newly elected MPs where he has requested them to work together and collaborate towards transforming the country.

Kagame said that this inauguration is not just about a ceremony. It is about starting a new mandate and committing to working hard.

"Rwandans have placed their trust in you to serve them and work towards transforming this country into what Rwandans want and deserve," he said.

The head of state reminded the MPs not to forget where their victory came from and the promises they made but serve those who trusted and elected them.

"You interacted with citizens when you were asking for their votes. Now that you have been elected, remain close to citizens, serve them and deliver on the promises you made," he remarked.

Apart from approaching citizens, Kagame cautioned the MPs about corruption. He said he looks forward to seeing them hold government accountable for doing their job of serving citizens and delivering development.

'If you can only account for 25% of the resources you are responsible for, we will ask you about the other 75%. And we will find where you have hidden them and hold you accountable," he warned.

IGIHE

Mukabalisa retains Speaker of Parliament post

By IGIHE

The swearing in of the new MPs was presided over by the President Paul Kagame, as per Constituttion.

Mukabalisa, who was the only candidate for the post, collected all the 80 votes of MPs.

Mukabalisa was nominated by Honourable Marie Izabiriza who described her as intelligent, far-sighted and experienced in parliamentary activities where she has served for 18 years including three when she served as a senator.

Ruku John Byanyoma, the other candidate who wanted to contest for the position withdrew his candidacy after it was found he belongs to the RPF, the ruling part. The Constitution of Rwanda stipulates that a Speaker of Parliament shall always come from outside the ruling party.

The 58 year old Donatile Mukabalisa, married and mother of three children is a member of the Rwanda's Liberal Party (PL).

Donatile Mukabalisa, who was Speaker of the previous parliament has been today re-elected to serve another five-year term

IGIHE

Rwanda's economy increases by 6.7 % in second quarter of 2018

By IGIHE

NISR attributed the 6.7% GDP growth to agriculture which grew by 6%, the industry sector which grew by 10% and the services that sector that registered a 5% growth.
According to the Deputy Director General (DDG), at the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, Mr. Ivan Murenzi, the growth in agriculture sector was mainly attributed to growth in food crops and export crops which grew by 6% each.

The food crops registered a 6% growth in the agriculture season A and the increase in export growth was mainly attributed to increased coffee and tea production.

Growth in the Industry sector was due to manufacturing and construction activities which grew by 12% and 11% respectively. Under manufacturing, food processing rose by 19% supported by 32% increase in cereal processing and 6% from processed tea, coffee and sugar. Furthermore, textile, shoes and leather goods production increased by 13% while production of construction materials and metallic products rose by 37%.

Growth in the service sector was attributed to the 11% increase in wholesale and retail activities, transport increased by 13% boosted by air transport that grew by 17%, ICT by 18% , financial services by 8% while public administration increased by 4%.

“We have noticed that construction is gaining momentum with the 11% growth in second quarter following 8% observed in the first quarter,” Ivan Murenzi, the deputy Director General of the National institute of Statistics of Rwanda said.

“There is positive growth across all sectors. Manufacturing has performed well compared to the same period last year which is supported by Made in Rwanda initiatives which are having a positive impact on growth,” Dr. Uzziel Ndagijimana, the Minister of Finance and Economic Planning said.

On whether, Government planned to revise the 7.2% growth forecast for 2018, Minister Ndagijimana assured that current growth indicated that the economy was on track to achieve the projected growth.

“We are maintaining the 2018 growth projections. We still have six months to monitor the performance of the economy,” Minister Ndagijimana added.

IGIHE

Industrialists call for subsidization

By IGIHE

Industrialists that were attending a two-day conference on Industrial Policy in Kigali, co-organized by Ministry of Trade and Industry, International Growth Centre (IGC) and the World Bank observed that operating below their installed capacities affects optimization and profitability of their business entities.

According to a survey conducted in 2011, most industries in the country utilise only up to 50 percent of installed capacities which affects the prices of their products.

Industrialists also cited transport hurdles and low capitalization as some of the challenges dogging their performance.

Brian Ngarambe the proprietor of Bonus Industries dealing in manufacturing alternative packaging materials called for the public to change the mindsets and believe in products made in Rwanda.

“We get raw materials from far. We need big capital. Sometimes, the problem of capital and low skills also comes in. There is still a mentality where people think that industries are established by foreign investors,” he explained.

Private Sector Federation (PSF) Director, Steven Ruzibiza suggested that industries should be subsidized to minimize cost of production.

Minister of Trade and Industry, Vincent Munyeshyaka assured industrialists that challenges identified during the 2011 survey will be addressed in the new industrial policy.

He said that despite efforts to increase technical schools there is still a need to step up efforts especially in developing industrial skills and gain from knowledge transfer from expatriates.

Rwanda is targeting the industrial sector to contribute 21.8% of Gross Domestic Product by 2024.

IGIHE

New MPs at a glance

By IGIHE

A lot is expected from the new parliament.

The new chamber of deputies is as usual expected to watch over the the implementation of government policies, short of which they will be forced to resign.

The new parliament is the first to have, in its composition, all legal political parties operating in Rwanda including the two opposition parties. This means that there will be diversity in views in parliament.

IGIHE takes a glanceat new MPs in the lower house of parliament tracing their education background, their prior jobs and age.

The fourth legislature after the Transitional National Assembly has got the ever youngest MP in Rwanda's history, Clarisse Imaniriho, 23.

The second youngest MP is Ernest Kamanzi, 28 also representingyouth.

The oldest Member of Parliamentis Logan Ndahiro, 68, (RPF) a retired RPA captain.
Among 80 MPs, 37 have worked as MPs before, while 43 are legislatingfor the first term as parliamentarians.

IGIHE discovered the education levels of 70 MPs of who 37 are Bachelors degree graduates while 29 have completed Masters Degree studies. Three are PhD holders while one has finished the advanced level of secondary studies.

13 Members of the Parliament have done Law, with 12 MPs having done Economics, 11 have studied Education while 12 have done Governance and Political Science.

Demographically, atotal of 36MPs fall in the agebracketof 40to 49 while female legislators account for 67.5% making Rwanda keep her world record as the country with the biggest number of women in parliament. The previous parliament had a 64% women representation.

The new MPs will officially start their duties on October 5.

Members of the Fourth Parliament (2018-2013) are taking oath this Wednesday, September 19, 2018.

IGIHE

Rwamagana community upbeat as City Master Plan launches

By IGIHE

The new Master Plan of Rwamagana District- to regulate land use for the next 30 years - was adopted and launched during the general meeting which brought together district officials on September 6, 2018.

Rwamagana District which borders with City of Kigali has urban area considered as one of the most important and capital of the Eastern Province, harbouring its (Province) headquarters.

The master plan blue-print indicates that Rwamagana City sits on 5,662 hectares of land comprised of four sectors namely; Kigabiro, Muhazi, Gishari and Mwulire.

Jean Bosco Ngendahimana, resident of Kigabiro Sector, says that before the approval of the master plan, he was unable to build a house in the city which made him spend the money for his residential house construction on other needs.

“I have a plot of land in Kigabiro Sector but when I went to the sector offices for the construction permit, they didn't give it to me as there was no master plan to be followed and my plans stalled,” he told IGIHE.

The President of the Private Sector Federation in Rwamagana District, Mr.Celestin Munyaneza says that the with the master plan now in place, private business activities including construction are to be accelerated.

“The master plan will help in directing people—businesses and residents on how to use the land,” he said.

Munyaneza adds that “while the masterplan was under process, the modernization of the city was kept behind because I know many private business people who wanted to construct modern houses but they were told by the District to wait for the master
plan release first.”

The Mayor the Rwamagana District, Radjab Mbonyumuvunyi, says that its preparation took long as it involved consultants in urban planning for professional advice.

“Prior to its launch, some people would build houses in the places reserved for roads. Now land for roads and residence are distinctly designated,” he explained.

IGIHE

RIB hands FERWAFA officials' case files to prosecution

By IGIHE

Speaking to IGIHE, the Spokesperson of the Rwanda Investigation Bureau, Modeste Mbabazi confirmed that the duo's files were transferred to the prosecution. “Their dossiers were transferred to prosecution yesterday,'' he said.

Francois Regis Uwayezu, the Secretary General of the Rwanda's Football Federation (FERWAFA) and Eric Ruhamiriza, the In Charge of Competitions at FERWAFA, were arrested on September 13 amid allegations of attempting to bribe Jackson Pavaza, the Namibian referee who officiated the AFCON qualifier game between Rwanda and Ivory Coast.

Rwanda's Amavubi were defeated 1-2 by Ivory Coast's Elephants in the second group H match day of the TOTAL 2019 CAF African Cup of Nations (AFCON) qualifiers on Sunday, September 9, 2018.

Pavaza, who was voted Namibia's Referee of the Year 2017, made allegations of the bribery allegations on Tuesday, September 11, 2018 as reported in the Namibian news website namibiansun.com.

Pavaza said one of the men who offered him the brown envelope claimed to be the Rwanda Football Federation secretary-general, but initially said he did not know whether the person was indeed the incumbent, Francois Regis Uwayezu.

However, after being sent a picture of Uwayezu, Pavaza confirmed it was indeed him. The other man, Pavaza said, was Rwandan football official, Eric Ruhamiriza.

“The money was in an envelope. I did not try to count it or see how much it I was. I just told them that I do not accept any gifts from anyone, as per CAF regulations. I rejected it and reported the matter to CAF,” Pavaza said.

Following the allegations, FERWAFA denied the bribe charges in a statement saying that, “with extensive knowledge of CAF Regulations, FERWAFA can never and will never be indulged in any form of corruption that goes along the way in jeopardizing the high level of integrity and professionalism of the game.”

FERWAFA explained that “On Friday, September 7, 2018, after the Match Coordination Meeting held at Rwanda Football Federation, chaired by Match Commissioner Mike Letti from Uganda, the four Namibian match officials were paid USD 247 as extra expenses incurred by the quartet as confirmed by the Namibian Football Association (NFA) as mandated by article 36 & 37 of the 2019 CAF Africa Cup of Nations Qualifying Regulations.

“However,”the FERWAFA statement further reads, “the referees claimed that there were other extras that were incurred on their flight to Kigali which needed to be paid also.”

This, according to FERWAFA, made Ruhamiriza alongside Uwayezu head to Hotel des Mille Collines, with a sum of USD 948 to be shared by the four match officials. The two arrived at the hotel on Sunday morning, 11am and met the referees in open public, at the terraces of the hotel, gave them their extra expenses as they had requested.

It was at this moment moment that Pavaza brought to the attention of FERWAFA officials that the money which was requested for the extra expenses incurred amounted to a total of USD 237 not a USD 948 as FERWAFA had prepared.

The FERWAFA Officials advised Pavaza to proceed with his preparations of officiating the match whose kick-off time was 15:30 at Stade de Kigali and then payment of the agreed USD 237 would be done after the game since the two FERWAFA officials had no changed money equivalent to USD 237 as demanded. Pavaza agreed to have the payment done after the game.

“Upon departing for Kigali International Airport on Sunday night, Pavaza was given and signed the receipt of USD 237 in presence of match commissioner Mr. Mike Letti,” stated FERWAFA.

According to FERWAFA, what really happened was mis-communication on the exact amount of money that was demanded by Pavaza in his initial communication to Mr. Ruhamiriza which should not be taken as form of bribery as alleged by Namibian referee Pavaza.

The Confederation of the African Fotball (CAF) has a zero tolerance for bribery. CAF in July announced that it had dismissed 22 referees over bribery.

Article 641 of Rwanda's Penal Code stipulates that any person who directly or indirectly offers a gift in order to get an illegal service or refrain from carrying out any usual duties shall be liable to a term of imprisonment of five to seven years and a fine of twice or up to ten times the value of what they had offered in bribes.

Samson Iradukunda

Former police officer found dead

By IGIHE

RIB spokesperson Modeste Mbabazi has told IGIHE that CSP Hubert Gashagaza may have been strangled.

“The first person to report his death was a motorcyclist who saw him dead in the car around 5a.m. The driver's window glass was smashed. The victim was found dead with cables that might have been used to strangle him around his neck still in the car.” He said.

The body was found in Ndera sector, Kicukiro District, where Chinese workers park trucks on a murram road, about 100 meters from the tarmac road.

The body of the deceased has been taken to hospital for a post-mortem.

Gashagaza had been demobilised from the National Police in August 2016. He has been serving as a local security guard locally known as Inkeragutabara.

RIB spokesperson said that his death was sudden because no one has been known to be in dispute with him.

Gashagaza served in Police Prosecution both in Rwanda and in Central African Republic on a UN peace keeping mission.

IGIHE

MPs to be sworn in tomorrow

By IGIHE

According to Rwanda's constitution, Swearing in of the Members of the Low Chamber of Parliament is presided over by the President of the Republic, a responsibility taken over by the President of the Supreme Court in case of the President's absence.

In their first meeting session, the MPs vote for the Speaker of Parliament and his/her two deputies; one in charge of legislation and the other in charge of Finance and Human Resources.

The Rwanda's Low Chamber of Parliament comprises of members of who 53 are elected through political parties, 24 reserved for women, two youth representatives and one for people with disabilities.

The Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) with its coalition parties have won the majority with 40 seats, Social Democratic Party (PSD) won five seats while the Liberal Party (PL) secured four.

Two new political parties with representatives in the Rwandan Parliament for the first time are Democratic Green Party of Rwanda (DGPR) and PS Imberakuri with two seats each.

IGHE

Iwawa: Over 900 youth complete rehabilitation, advised on personal, national dignity

By IGIHE

On Saturday, the 905 youth graduated from the Centre after undergoing rehabilitation and imparted with vocational skills in; agriculture, carpentry, tailoring and driving.

Speaking to the graduates, the Governor of the Western Province, Alphonse Munyentwari told them to take advantage of the life chances they got through courses and trainings at Iwawa.

“Completing these courses and graduating here is a milestone you should consider as highly valuable. It is like a friendship pact you signed with the nation and the value you earned from this centre should not be underrated. Please do not disappoint your country and make it lose its dignity which is also yours,” Munyentwari advised the youth.

Eric Gasore, one of the graduates, says, he lived a street life before he was taken to Iwawa for rehabilitation. He says the time he spent at Iwawa is of great value as it helped him change his mind-set and got his life a meaning. He appealed to government to support them with start-up tool kits as they return back to families and while they look for jobs.

He also reveals that some of his fellow graduates have no families and identification which could make them be arrested again and taken back to Iwawa.

“We would like to ask the government officials to help some among us who have no identification documents to get them as quickly as possible because some of us were brought here as a result of having no identity cards and please help us create our own jobs,” said Gasore.

Aime Bosenibamwe, the Director General of the National Rehabilitation Services (NRS), promised the graduates that those who had already given their identification details and photographed, will be helped to get the ID cards as soon as possible.

“The ID cards problem will be resolved as quickly as possible. We invited your district officials to be here so that they can act on it quickly.We talked to the Minister of Local Governance and those who were photographed can get the ID cards after you leave this centre,” Bosenibamwe told the graduates.

Besides 905 youths who graduated as part of the 16th graduation, some other 3,042 are currently undergoing rehabilitation along with vocational training.

Statistics from National Rehabilitation Services indicate that to date, 16,911 youths have been rehabilitated and graduated from Iwawa Rehabilitation Centre. Among them, 7,249 youths were trained in literacy and numeracy program, adult education, among other subjects.

Iwawa Rehabilitation Centre accomodates male deliquents of over 18 years old men who exhibit deviant behaviors for rehabilitation. NRS defines a deviant behavior as actions or bad behaviors which are harmful to to the public such as prostitution, drug abuse, begging, vagrancy, informal street vending, among others.

The 905 graduates were called to uphold personal and national dignity, as they take advantage of putting to use the knowledge and skills they acquired during their rehabilitation process.

IGIHE

Church apologizes over fake spiritual agreements

By IGIHE

Part of the church's doctrine has been getting new converts sign an agreement-like document titled “Breaking bondage chains of the devil, Immersing in God, beginning a new life in Jesus.”

The controversial agreement of which IGIHE has got a copy, has 11 clauses acceptance of which is a sign of denouncing all clan-based customs, adultery, homosexuality, masturbation, anger, spirit of dying young and genetic diseases.

In a statement signed by Apostle Joshua Ndagijimana Masasu, read during the fellowship on Sunday, it was stated that; “The management of Evangelical Restoration Church apologises to the Rwandan society in general, especially all parents who were misled in our name.”

The statement signed on September 13, says that Evangelical Restoration Church accepts that someone can be assisted spiritually to break the yoke and delivered from the chains of sin. However, it gives no written agreement signed by someone who has been prayed for or delivered, neither is it recorded.

The church revoked the written agreements, asking thier holders to take them back.

Evangelical Restoration Church's Apostle, Joshua Ndagijimana Masasu
Evangelical Restoration Church has apologized to Christians over fake spiritual agreements

IGIHE

2400 Rwandan refugees repatriate eight months after cessation clause deadline

By IGIHE

Speaking to IGIHE, the In Charge of Refugees at the Ministry of Disasters Management and Refugees, Jean Claude Rwahama said that the government has been receiving them, supporting implementation of the cessation clause for the Rwandan refugees of which deadline was December 31, 2017.

“Until this day (September 17), 2,400 people have repatriated. Many of them come from Democratic Republic of Congo but there are others who come from Congo,” he said.

Mr. Rwahama added that Rwanda has fulfilled all the requiremets in the implementation of the cessation clause and all the new repatriates receive a very warm welcome back in their mother nation.

Rwahama says that Rwanda does not know the exact number of its citizens who are still refugees.

“It is difficult to know them (Rwandan refugees) because we base on UNHCR numbers which I can say are not reliable because they also get them from host countries. Some countries may give exact numbers while others may not due to different reasons,” he explained.

For countries that provide unreliable numbers, Rwahama names DRC as an example. “They (DRC) say they have more than 24,0000 refugees but we received a larger number of repatriates from DRC. And there are places they don't reach, including forests where they can't establish the exact number of refugees who live there,” he says.

The Rwanda Refuge Cessation Clause was declared by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee (UNHCR) on June 30, 2013. However, the implementation was met by delays in repatriations which saw the December 2014 deadline extended several times until the new deadline was set on December 31, 2017.

In January 2018 as the implementation of the cessation clause was under way for the Rwandan refugees, Uganda announced it would not end the refugee status for the 18,000 Rwandan refugees who lived there, revealing that it had started the processes of offering them citizenship.

Rwanda made efforts in sensitizing its refugees to get back home and put in place means to provide passports for those who do have jobs in countries where they live on condition that they stay there as Rwandans in Diaspora instead of living there as refugees.

Samson Iradukunda

France academic authors book on Genocide in Rwanda

By IGIHE

He launched the book last Thursday at the offices of the National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide (CNLG), Kigali.

Piton shows the root cause of ethnic discrimination that was sown, nurtured and sustained in Rwanda around 1890 by colonialists as well as the first and second Republic till the genocide.

The 148-page book took Piton 5 years. It delves into Rwandan history, how the genocide was prepared and executed and its aftermaths until 2018.

Piton says that according to the ethnic discrimination that was in Rwanda before the genocide, as a researcher, there is no relation between President Juvenal Habyarimana's plane shooting and the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsis. He says that the book comes to remove the dilemma from many Europeans who want to match the genocide with ethnic war yet 1994 genocide against the Tutsi as perpetrated by the government, army and some Hutu citizens.

He also said that the goal was to annihilate all Tutsis from wherever they were in the world. Piton shows the role played by Burundian refugees in Rwanda and speeches of some of the then politicians who emphasized the hatred against the Tutsis.

In the book, the University of Paris Diderot lecturer shows the French role in the genocide and the great defeat of the United Nations. He writes this book to discourage those who still deny or belittle the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi as well as help enlighten those who are still doubtful about Rwandan history.

“There is great denial and belittling of the genocide among its perpetrators exiled in France. There is also ignorance about the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. It is important as a French writer to write a book like this one in French. I hope that it will be well received,” Piton said.

CNLG'S s Executive Secretary Dr Jean Damascène Bizimana said that it is a big contribution that a book on 1994 Genocide against the Tutsis is written by a young foreigner.

In his book, Piton mentions extreme killings during the genocide, how they were carried out as well as the perpetrators. The last chapter of the book talks about the aftermaths of the genocide, justice as well as commemoration and the living conditions of genocide survivors.

In Rwanda, the book ‘Le Génocide des Tutsi du Rwanda' can be obtained from Librairie Ikirezi, for 18 Euros (slightly over 18000Rwf).

IGIHE

Imaniriho, 23: Rwanda's Youngest MP promises unwavering advocacy for youth

By IGIHE

Born in 1995, Imaniriho will be the youngest legislator in the fourth parliament.
Still single, Imaniriho was born in Bwishyura Sector of Karongi District where her family lives. She is the last born of four children who have been raised by a single widowed mother.

Imaniriho has got a Bachelors degree from University of Rwanda from where she graduated in 2017.

Speaking to IGIHE, Imaniriho could not hide her happiness of having won a parliament seat to represent the youth with 52% of the votes. She says she is ready to work with others in making and passing laws that serve interests of Rwandans and following up on implementation of Government programmes.

“Another thing is to listen to the voice of the youth, understand their problems and partner with institutions that we can work with in identifying and addressing youth challenges at the right time,” she said. Imaniriho did not go into details of the youth problems saying that she will work with others for advocacy to get solutions for those she will be told by the youths themselves or those she will identify.

Legislation will be Imaniriho's first engagement in the working world since she graduated in 2017. Unemployment is one of the most biting problems faced by the Rwandan youth Imaniriho will be representing in parliament. Unemployed youth (between age of 16 to 30) register a whopping 21% according to numbers by Rwanda National Statistics Institute.

Imaniriho was confident to submit her bid to get a seat in parliament with no other prior experience in high leadership duties.

Monthly Umuganda activities and the citizens' meetings are, she says, the big leadership classes she attended. These nurtured her spirit of serving the country. She submitted her parliament candidacy and she won.

“I am very happy to have won. I think I will represent them effectively,'' she promises.
In few words, she advises her fellow youth to have good behaviors that will help them have a bright future and participate in the development of their own country. “They should participate in the government's programmes as required, ask for advice and accept to be corrected,” she advises.

Imaniriho further tells the youths that they should not fear doing anything including politics. “Young people should set their fears aside and understand that they are able. There is a quote that goes; ‘We are not too young to have responsibilities.' This, she says, should catapult them into serving their country . She also says; ‘the youth are the country's force that builds fast'.

Imaniriho believes that nothing is impossible for a committed and a willing heart.

Besides the 23-year old Imaniriho, the Rwandan youth will as well be represented in parliament in the next five years term by Ernest Kalisa, 28.

Not that other members of the august house are that too old, but Imanriho takes the trophy of being the youngest servant. Of all the recently elected 80 MPs making the Rwandan Lower Chamber of Deputies, Fidele Rwigamba, 68, is the oldest. He is serving a second term in parliament representing Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).

Mathias Hitimana

Governance by people: Democracy choices that address and meeet Rwandans' needs

By John Mbaraga

September 15, 2018, the world celebrated the International Democracy day. This day comes a month after the parliamentary elections. Now, every political party of the 11 which operate in Rwanda has got representatives in the Lower Chamber of Deputies.

Many people who followed the elections, observers and politicians expressed their satisfaction on how Rwanda carried out the elections with no violence or conflicts.

According to Charles Munyaneza, the Executive Secretary of the National Electoral Commission (NEC), the elections were held peacefully, a sign that Rwandans have already understood that elections are not a war, but choosing stewards to the shared destiny.

“We help the population understand the value of their votes which makes them make right choices. They don't just head to polling stations without thinking well about their choices, considering what good the elected leaders will bring to them,” he explains.

Munyaneza further explains that NEC, as an independent organ which has been in Rwanda for 17 years, has prepared elections in which the population played a paramount role in making them a success.

“We organize elections that install the country's government, following people's will,” he noted.

He gives as example of the local leaders elections, the presidential elections which were held in September 2017 and the recent parliamentary elections which, he says, were peaceful and brought about changes in the nation's governance.

The leadership for people

NEC says that the civil education lessons it provides to the population empowers them to chose a leader who will craft initiatives for community and national development.

The CEO of Rwanda Governance Board, Prof. Anastase Shyaka says 24 years after the 1994 genocide against Tutsi, Rwandans have done a lot showing that there is democracy in the country.

For instance, he says, the leadership put in place by the population through elections works to improve their social welfare by identifying solutions to their problems.

“We have democracy that results in improved social welfare, security, harmony and accepting political diversity,” he says.

Prof Shyaka further says there is still a long way to go because no country attains complete democracy.

“We will keep building relationships between institutions and partners to enhance good governance, which respects democratic principles in Rwanda,'' he says.

RGB says that its partners include government institutions, civil society, the media and the United Nations for Development Programmes,UNDP,which help to build firm organs.

Rwanda's Choice of Democracy

Prof. Shyaka says that Rwanda chose to build everything basing on the citizen. All local programmes are tailored to meet citizens' needs and interests.

He explains that, “We employ governance methods that meet our interests. This will be a culture our descendants and generations to come will follow. They have to understand what makes our democracy and make it a culture.”

Peacemaker Mbungiramihigo, the Executive Secretary of the Media High Council, says that much attention is put in the media capacity building to facilitate the media meet the population from rural places so as to make their voice heard and get solutions to their concerns.

UNDP Country Representative in Rwanda, Stephen Rodrigues also emphasized on the peaceful and calm parliamentary elections which were held on September 2-4, 2018, saying that they are a pertinent sign which proves that UNDP's ongoing partnerships with the Rwandan government are paying off.

“We will keep focusing on what we started in the past five years because we achived a lot with the local institutions including the National Electoral Commission. We will keep training volunteers and improve the ICT used by NEC,” he says.

Official numbers by NEC indicate there are more than 75,000 elections volunteers in Rwanda, who, according to NEC, are the source of the calm and peaceful elections in Rwanda and make the election processes as fast as possible.

“We will focus on the least priviledged groups of population like people with disabilities, women for their inclusion,” added Stephen Rodrigues.

IGIHE

Nduhungirehe slams former OIF ministers for criticizing France President on Mushikiwabo's Support

By IGIHE

The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and East African Community Affairs, Louise Mushikiwabo is campaigning for the leadership of the international organization that brings together French speaking countries, La Francophonie (OIF), whose elections will take place in Yerevan, Armenia in October 11th and 12th 2018.

She is up against Incumbent Canadian Michaëlle Jean who is campaigning for a second mandate.

Four months ago, when President Paul Kagame and his France Counterpart Emmanuel Macron met at Palais de l'Elysée, the latter revealed that he fully supported the Candidacy of Louise Mushikiwabo to OIF Secretary General position.

In an article posted on LeMonde, former French Ministers in charge of La Francophonie; Charles Josselin, Pierre-André Wiltzer, Hélène Conway-Mouret and André Vallini, said that supporting Mushikiwabo's candidacy would affect their country's Image.

They showed that before making his move, Macron did not consult OIF's most influential countries.

“The decision was taken without consulting important stakeholders in the organization. OIF is not France's property so it is not logical that one would decide for others.” reads the article.

They added that France should have let Africa decide which candidate they wanted to represent them.

“If France thinks it should be led by Africa, then it should be Africans to decide on a candidate.”

“We did not take the trouble to talk to our closest French-speaking partners, starting with the Canadians, one of OIF's major donors, France is today forced to wage a useless fight with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau while she needed Ottawa more than ever,” reads the article.

The former ministers showed that siding with Canada was more beneficial for France than supporting an African

Via his twitter handle, Amb Nduhungirehe replied to the French, saying “I would like to remind these Ministers of the old Francafrique, including nonagenarians, that the neo-colonial Francophonie is over! The 29 African states have chosen their candidate, a French-speaking woman of experience, and you have nothing to say against it!” Amb. Nduhugirehe said.

Mushikiwabo is currently on a campaign trail across various OIF member countries, most of which support her candidacy.

Among her ideals, she seeks to prioritize peace, security and promotion of the youth among others.

The organization, to which Rwanda subscribes, brings together French-speaking countries across the world.

The Minister of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and East African Community, Olivier Nduhungirehe

IGIHE

Energy access increases by 12% in 2017/18

By IGIHE

Energy sector is one of the areas, probably the first, developing at the highest speed with the last year's access increase standing around 12%.

The access has been accompanied by the opening of new and improvement in the existing services and businesses such as agro-processing, education and health activities.

Rwanda Energy Group (REG) reports that the access increased from 35.5% in June 2017 to 46.46% in June 2018.

The pace is by far higher than it was in the previous years as the access had only increased by 23,7% from 10.8% in 2010.

As the government targets to reach 100% access by 2024, the target will be realised by 2022 if the pace of 12% is maintained.

With 46.46% total access countrywide, 35.13% are on-grid while 11,33% use off-grid solutions.

Among other REG achievements in 2017-2018 fiscal year, generation installed capacity developed from 208 to 218 megawatt while the length of transmission lines expanded from 574 to 744 kilometres.

The target is to reach 517 MW generation and 1,491 kilometres of transmission lines by 2024.

REG CEO Eng. Ron Weiss told IGIHE early this year that the generation will be following the demand and urged that industrial sector's development –the major energy consumer –would guide the energy sector expansion.
Kicukiro leads

Kicukiro District has the highest access standing at 95% f the district's households. Rwanda has 30 districts.

Gasabo follows with 79% while Nyarugenge is third with 78%. Five districts are below 30% access including four of the Southern Province namely Gisagara as the overall last with 23%, Nyanza and Nyaruguru tying at 25%, Nyamagabe at 26% and the Northern Province's Gakenke with 29%.

Outside the City of Kigali, Rubavu leads other districts with 53% access, followed by Musanze and Rusizi at 51% and 50% respectively.

Access in other six districts is between 40% and 49% while 13 others have between 30% and 40%.

IGIHE

Building climate resilience is crucial for halting the rise in hunger

By IGIHE

For the third year in a row, there has been a rise in world hunger. The absolute number of undernourished people has increased to nearly 821 million in 2017 from around 804 million in 2016. These are the same levels as almost a decade ago. We are therefore witnessing a worrisome erosion and reversal in the gains made in ending hunger. These findings underscore the need for bolder action.

Levels of child stunting remain unacceptably high. In 2017, nearly 151 million children under five years old – or 22 percent – were affected by stunting. Furthermore, wasting continues to affect over 51 million children under five years old.

The main cause of hunger in the world is still conflict. In fact, the failure to reduce world hunger is closely associated with the increase in violence, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, and therefore the efforts to fight hunger must go hand in hand with those to sustain peace. The report also shows that the impacts of climate change, especially prolonged droughts, constitute a key driver behind the recent continued rise in global hunger.

In 2017, climate shocks were a key factor in the food crises in 34 out of the 51 countries facing such crises. Temperatures are increasing and becoming more variable. Very hot days are becoming more frequent and the hottest days are becoming hotter. We are experiencing increased variability in rainfall and the timing, length and intensify of rainy seasons is also changing. The number of extreme climate-related disasters, including extreme heat, droughts, floods and storms, has doubled since the early 1990s, which means that we now witness on average 213 medium and large catastrophic events every year.

The world's 2.5 billion small-scale farmers, herders, fishers and forest-dependent people, who derive their food and income from renewable natural resources are most affected by climate variability and extremes. The strongest direct impacts are felt on food availability, given the sensitivity of agriculture to climate and the primary role of the sector as a source of food and livelihoods for the rural poor.

Access to food is significantly undermined too. Evidence shows that spikes in food prices and increased price volatility follow climate variability and extremes. Net buyers of food, especially the urban and rural poor, are the hardest hit by price spikes. Poor access to food increases the risk of low birthweight and stunting in children, which are associated with higher risk of overweight and obesity in life.

Food insecurity partly explains the coexistence of undernutrition and obesity in many countries. In 2017, childhood overweight affected 38 million children under five years of age, with Africa and Asia representing 25 percent and 46 percent of the global total, respectively. Obesity in adults is also increasing at the global level: about 672 million adults were obese in 2017 – this represents more than one in eight adults. The increasing consumption of industrialized and processed food is the main cause behind the epidemic of overweight and obesity in the world today. If governments do not adopt urgent measures to halt the increase of obesity, we may soon have more obese people than undernourished in the world.

The impacts of climate change are also taking a toll on foods'' nutritional composition. Some studies indicate that higher levels of CO2 in the air are lowering the levels of vital nutrients, such as zinc, iron, calcium and potassium. This includes staple crops like wheat, barley, potatoes and rice.

Building climate resilience is a priority for winning the fight against hunger and other forms of malnutrition. The good news is that we have the knowledge and tools needed to begin to address this challenge. We also have experience and evidence pointing to the cross-cutting factors that supporting successful policies and practices to address climate risks.

Climate risk monitoring and early warning systems are proving essential for some governments and international agencies to monitor multiple hazards and predict the likelihood of climate risks to livelihoods, food security and nutrition. We are also seeing efforts for investing in vulnerability reduction measures, including climate-resilient good practices at farm levels as well as climate-proof infrastructure (including food storage and preservation facilities) and more efficient water management (including irrigation, drainage, water harvesting and saving technologies, desalinization and storm, and wastewater management).

Farmers are also acting. For example, smallholders in sub-Saharan Africa are diversifying crops to spread production and income risk. Evidence also shows that growing a mixture of crop varieties, whereby the best seeds from field trial plots are combined with traditional varieties for the next planting season, enable farmers to increase the climate-resilience of their crops.

The challenge is to scale-up and accelerate such actions in order to strengthen the resilience of livelihoods and food systems to climate variability and extremes. We need integrated disaster risk reduction and management and climate adaption policies, programmes and practices with short-, medium- and long-term vision.

A world free of hunger is still within reach despite the recent setbacks. But we must take action quickly, while there is still time, to halt the erosion of our hard won gains in ending hunger. Tackling the impacts of climate change head on— while sustaining peace — will help put us back on track towards meeting the global goal of zero hunger.

The author is the Director-General, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

José Graziano da Silva

RDB cautions public against World Ventures, a pyramid scam

By IGIHE

The announcement signed by RDB CEO Clare Akamanzi states that World Ventures is not registered as a business entity in Rwanda and that its representatives have been misleading the public that they have authorisation from RDB and other government entities –“a false claim intended to delude the public.”

“Having investigated the business model of this company, it is our conclusion that it possesses characteristics of a pyramid scheme. We want to stress to the public that pyramid schemes are illegal in Rwanda,” reads the statement.

A pyramid scheme, commonly known as pyramid scams, is a business model that recruits members via a promise of payments or services for enrolling others into the scheme, rather than supplying investments or sale of products or services.

As recruiting multiplies, recruiting becomes quickly impossible, and most members are unable to profit; as such, pyramid schemes are unsustainable and often illegal in many countries.

Investopedia reports that pyramid schemes have cost many people their hard-earned savings.

“An individual or a company initiates a pyramid scheme by recruiting investors with an offer of guaranteed high returns. As the scheme begins, the earliest investors do receive a high rate of return, but these gains are paid for by new recruits and are not a return on any real investment.”

From the moment the scam is initiated, pyramid scheme's liabilities begin to exceed its assets. The only way it can generate wealth is by promising extraordinary returns to new recruits; the only way these returns receive payment is by getting additional investors. Invariably these schemes lose steam and the pyramid collapses.

IGIHE

Forbes ranks Rwanda best in investor protection practices in Africa

By IGIHE

In its Index of Best Countries for Business Report released last Friday, Forbes ranked the United Kingdom as the best among 153 countries studied. It is followed by New Zealand, Netherlands, Sweden and Canada as the top five respectively.

Taking into consideration all 15 factors, Rwanda was ranked 79th globally.

Mauritius is the best in Africa and 41st globally, followed by South Africa as 48th, Morocco 55th, and Botswana 76th while Rwanda comes fifth overall on the continent.
Nigeria, the largest continent's economy, was ranked 115th.

The United States, world's largest economy, is ranked 12th, Germany is 13th, Japan 21st, France 22nd while China stands at 66th.

The rankings considered15 different factors including property rights, innovation, taxes, technology, corruption, freedom (personal, trade and monetary), red tape and investor protection.

The report shows that Rwanda's GDP was $8 billion as of December 2017 with the annual growth of 5.9%. GDP per Capita was $700, unemployment at 2.7%, public debt per GDP was at 43% while inflation stood at 5.7%.

The population was 11.9 million.

Forbes reports that Rwanda has made substantial progress in stabilising and rehabilitating its economy.

“GDP has rebounded with an average annual growth of 6%-8% since 2003 and inflation has been reduced to single digits. The government has embraced an expansionary fiscal policy to reduce poverty by improving education, infrastructure, and foreign and domestic investment.”

In recognition of Rwanda's successful management of its macro economy, the IMF graduated Rwanda to a Policy Support Instrument in 2010.

Rwanda seeks to become a regional leader in information and communication technologies. It completed in 2012 the first modern Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in Kigali. The free industrial area seeks to attract investment specifically in agribusiness, information and communications, trade and logistics, mining, and construction.

In 2016, the government launched an online system to give investors information about public land and its suitability for agricultural development.

IGIHE

Park Inn Hotel by Radisson Kigali : A rich experience

By IGIHE

After what had been a very hectic long week, a restorative stay in a quiet place far from work, was called for. The four-star facility cocooned by high walls and located right in the heart of kigali, was a great choice for resting in the calmness and tranquility of Kiyovu.

Park Inn Hotel is simply grand. Seated on the lush green of Kiyovu hill, it is adorned in such a nice, subtle way with furnishings ranging from vintage to purely playful.

Our first impression, arriving after dark on a chilly Friday, was somewhat muted with a generic of polite staff welcoming us on arrival, showing us around to our rooms and advising on the hotel's best features to luxuriate in; but we do remember peering into a lobby featuring huge chandeliers, designed with a funky offbeat edge that promised a stay full of discovery. And true enough, during our stay, we were constantly coming across clever little details.

We were treated to two standard rooms for our night which were very fancy and spacious, to say the least. The bedroom side of things was elegant and subtle, just like the whole hotel. Alas, the room service was somewhat slow, but John, the room-service attendant made sure to come by and apologize for the slowness, which was very nice of him.

But other than that slight problem, the room was perfect with a super-comfortable bed, a TV with a decent selection of channels.

What about the food, you ask? Well, the food was a fusion of mouth-watering and jaw-dropping displays amid a scenic and sophisticated restaurant. And what is more, the genial waiter who did his possible to make sure that we were served on time, with the food we requested.

Overall, the experience is defined through design that leans on youthful nostalgia, locally-inspired food and drink and a buzzy feel-home sensation.

Indeed, Park Inn by Radisson Kigali is onto something and it shows in their way of working.

Albeit very brief, our journey in the Hotel was one of the most insightful trips we've ever had and wonder what we learnt? ‘You are only as old as you feel'. There is absolutely no reason why you would travel four hours to Gisenyi for a restorative stay while you can enjoy this affordable little piece of luxury.

Park Inn Hotel's lobby delights visitors with its vibrant colors
Our rooms were very spacious and stylish to say the least
The food provided at the Hotel is a mix of mouthwatering and delicious displays
All in all, there is absolutely no reason why you would travel four hours to Gisenyi for a restorative stay while you can enjoy this affordable little piece of luxury located in the heart of Kigali
The Hotel's 'JJ Nightclub' is certainly something else with its modern setup and upbeat tunes

Olga I. Ishimwe & Marie-Ange Mukaneza

Deal for developing 10,000 housing units in Kigali sealed

By IGIHE

The deal signed Tuesday as World Bank Group launched the Development Finance Forum in Kigali aims at developing over 10,000 housing units in Kinyinya Sector of Gasabo District.

President Paul Kagame opened the two-day forum that seeks to help global public and private sector leaders to explore and demonstrate strategies to boost private sector investment in East Africa's priority sectors, notably, housing, agriculture and tourism.

The proposed financing plans to use the recently created International Development Association's IDA) Private Sector Window to mitigate risk and encourage commercial investment in the housing sector.

The World Bank Group's statement indicates that Broad Homes envisions partnering with IFC, Rwanda Social Security Board, Development Bank of Rwanda, and BSMART Technology – a leading research, development and design firm – to develop over 10,000 housing units which consist of residential and commercial units.

The units are expected to benefit nearly 50,000 members of the Kinyinya community. The total project cost is estimated to be over $200 million.

Dr Uzziel Ndagijimana, Minister for Finance and Economic Planning, said the deal is a boost to Rwanda's housing sector.

“Habitat harmonisation is part of the Seven-Year Government Programme. On this, we are partnering with the World Bank. There are two projects including this one in Kinyinya we have signed today,” he said.

“We also have plans to start special housing fund which is expected to receive $150 million at the launch.”

The 2012 survey by Government and the UN indicated that Rwanda is expected to have a shortage of housing by 344,000 units in 2020.

Around 1,000 housing units are developed in the City of Kigali annually while the demand requires 31,000 units.

Karin Finkelston, IFC's Vice President for Partnerships, Communication and Outreach said, “The private sector can play a central role in addressing housing shortages in Africa's growing towns and cities.”

“IFC supports projects that mobilize global expertise in housing construction and design, to increase the supply of high quality, affordable homes in Africa.”

At the forum yesterday, President Kagame spoke about Rwanda's efforts to increase private investment by creating a business enabling environment, where companies can thrive and contribute to local economic growth.

The fourth edition of the event attracted more than 300 participants, including representatives of governments and leading companies in Africa.

IGIHE

Kigali to host regional conference on Water and Sanitation, Housing sectors

By IGIHE

Organized by ACE Event Management, the two-day conference which will run from November 6, 2018 at Serena Hotel will be held in collaboration with UK in partnership with College Publisher SA.

A statement signed by Tracey Nolan-Shaw, managing director of ACE, said the seminar is designed to provide a two-way flow of information for visitors and participants, helping them to analyse what their sector needs more precisely, examine the latest trends, share experiences and offer solutions.

“The seminar will create a two-way flow of information for visitors and participants which will help them to analyse what their sector needs more precisely and set in place the necessary steps for expansion and improvement in these important areas,” Nolan-Shaw said.

Over 50 International and Rwandan Companies will be displaying their products, expertise in the Water and sanitation, Construction and Housing sectors.

Sponsored by the Ministry of Infrastructure and Rwanda Convention Bureau, the event will be the first one ever to be held in Rwanda; following previous ones that were held in South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ghana and Nigeria.

Since the 1990's, ACE Event Management works to provide a coming together of practitioners and traders from the most important infrastructure sectors.

IGIHE

Kagame roots for greater public-private partnership

By IGIHE

He said greater public-private partnership can help tap into the opportunities to speed up economic growth as a whole particularly the service sector.

The Head of State was speaking at the two-day Development Finance Forum (DFF) launched in Kigali, Tuesday.

Organised by the World Bank Group, the forum seeks to help global public and private sector leaders to explore and demonstrate strategies to boost private sector investment in East Africa's priority sectors, notably, housing, agriculture and tourism.

Kagame said that public development funding is increasingly scarce whereas “prosperity is generated when government and business are working well together.”

“Public-private collaboration is also the driver of recent achievements at the level of the African Union particularly the Continental Free Trade Area. The inclusion of business leaders at African Union Summits is now routine and that is making a difference to the quality of dialogue,” he said.

Citing Africa's partnership with the World Bank Group's institutions, President Kagame said Africa still has a long way to go but the necessary partnerships are in place.

“But despite the strong prospects we are far from tapping the full potential or even meeting existing demand for affordable high-quality products,” he said.

“In the global context, there is an excess of capital looking for profitable ventures such as these as we all know. Yet in Africa, there is a chronic deficit of large-scale investment funding. That is what we are here to address in practical terms.”

This year's forum marks the fourth edition of the event, and was attended by more than 300 participants, including representatives of governments, and leading companies.

World Bank reports that it has $844 million worth of projects in Rwanda and contributed on behalf of Rwanda more $204 million in regional projects.

IGIHE

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